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Program at a Glance

Wednesday October 12, 2022
3:00 PM - 5:00 PM
Thursday October 13, 2022
7:00 AM - 8:00 AM
8:00 AM - 9:15 AM
8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
9:30 AM - 10:45 AM
11:00 AM - 12:15 PM
12:30 PM - 1:30 PM
1:45 PM - 3:00 PM
3:15 PM - 4:30 PM
5:00 PM - 6:15 PM
Friday October 14, 2022
7:00 AM - 8:00 AM
8:00 AM - 9:15 AM
8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
9:30 AM - 10:45 AM
11:00 AM - 12:15 PM
12:30 PM - 1:30 PM
1:45 PM - 3:00 PM
3:15 PM - 4:30 PM
5:00 PM - 6:15 PM
7:00 PM - 11:00 PM
Saturday October 15, 2022
7:00 AM - 8:00 AM
8:00 AM - 9:15 AM
8:00 AM - 12:00 PM
9:30 AM - 10:45 AM
11:00 AM - 12:15 PM

MSSA22 Program

Executive Board Meeting
Wednesday | 3:00 pm-5:00 pm | Polk
Thursday | 7:00 am-8:00 am | Grand Ballroom East
1. Sociology of Adolescent Drug Use [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Embassy West

Organizer: Lauren Brooke Norman, University of North Carolina-Pembroke
Presider: Tina Deshotels, Jacksonville State University
  • Adolescent multi-drug use changes. .....Craig Joseph Forsyth, University of Louisiana, Lafayette; Tina Deshotels, Jacksonville State University; Jing Chen, Athens State University; Raymond Biggar, University of Louisiana-Lafayette
  • this paper examines adolescent multi- drug use at 2 points in time. Correlations between drug use for 11 drugs are shown for 2 points in time. Discussion regarding change is presented.
  • Individual Morals and Behaviors. .....Craig Joseph Forsyth, University of Louisiana, Lafayette; Tina Deshotels, Jacksonville State University; Jing Chen, Athens State University; Raymond Biggar, University of Louisiana-Lafayette
  • This research create a morals scale for both drugs use and antisocial behaviors. Responses from over 80,000 middle and high school students from the CCYS survey are used as data. In addition to associations between morals and behavior scales; morals and behaviors are examined individually.
  • Gambling and Antisocial Behavior Among Adolescents. .....Craig Joseph Forsyth, University of Louisiana, Lafayette; Jing Chen, Athens State University; Tina Deshotels, Jacksonville State University; Raymond Biggar, University of Louisiana-Lafayette
  • This paper examines the relationship between nine types of gambling and the associations with antisocial behavior scores for each. Overall, males, and females correlations are shown. Dice playing had highest associations for all three.
2. Graduate Student Papers I [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Forum East (Hybrid)

Presider: Nicola Davis Bivens, Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) - Charlotte, NC
  • The Associations of Parent Involvement with Children’s Education Success and Behavioral Outcomes: Results from NHES-PFI 2019. .....Savannah Burke, Clemson University; Michael Tidwell, Clemson University
  • In recent years, the United States has fallen below other developed countries in education quality despite policy efforts to increase its position in international and domestic educational outcomes. Previous studies have linked parental involvement with children’s educational success and school behaviors. However, there is less research on the connection between parental social involvement and child behavioral outcomes. Using data from the 2019 National Household Education Survey (N=11,928), this study presents how parental involvement in educational and non-educational settings affect behavioral outcomes and educational performance in K-12 education. Parental involvement was measured with activities parents participated through the school year, the past month, and the past week. Children’s behavioral outcomes were measured with a dummy variable indicating if the child has ever received in-school suspension, out-of-school suspension, or expulsion. Children’s educational performance was measured with parents’ rank of their child’s school performance on a 5-point scale from failing to excellent. Binary logistic regression results showed that parental involvement over the past month significantly decreases the likelihood of negative behavior sanctions and ordered logistic regression results show that all levels of parental involvement increase positive educational outcomes. These findings underscore the importance of parental involvement for children’s academic and behavioral outcomes.
  • Bullying, School Violence and Substance Use among US Adolencents. .....Dongni Liu, University of Connecticut
  • Adolescent substance abuse is becoming a global health concern. Scholars from difference discipline have investigated teenager substance use from various aspects. In particular, depression and anxiety are significant internal factors affect the rate of substance use among teenagers. Yet, it remains unclear how bullying and social violence will affect the rate of substance use. Hence, the study examines whether bullying and school violence affect substances use among adolescents. Using national-level data for 2015 from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we examine the relationship between bullying/school violence and substance use. Bullying and school violence have significantly impact on substance use. Moreover, the study reveals the variations on substance choices among different racial/ethnic groups.
  • Cyberbullying in the School Environment: Suicidal Attempt tendency and association with Age, Gender, and Physical Appearance. .....Rifat Jahan Loran, University of Memphis
  • Cyberbullying is a form of online harassment that significantly affects the normal attributes of students and schools. As exposure to electronic devices is increased, children and adolescents are most likely to get impacted by cyberbullying. Even though cyberbullying occurrences happen more frequently at home, their consequences are often expanded to the school campus. Very little research has been done to identify the underlying problem of cyberbullying in the educational environment, compared to similar studies conducted on adolescents. This study employs 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance (YRBS) survey data to find the effects of cyberbullying in terms of suicidal attempt tendencies associated with age, gender, and physical appearance of middle school students. The outcome of the research suggests that most adolescents are unwilling to report cyberbullying experiences due to a lack of awareness or underestimating the negative effect of cyberbullying that prompt devastating actions like suicide attempts. To this end, this research conducts a quantitative study based on logistic regression and cross-tabulation analysis of the YRBS Survey to investigate adolescents’ experiences of cyberbullying. We perform statistical analysis to understand frequencies and compare gender, physical appearance, and age differences. We take a sample of 13677 observations and 235 variables on school students aged below 12 to above 18. The results show that age, physical appearance, and gender act as a critical factors to portray a cyberbullying victim. We find that significant gender differences exist in cyberbullying, with girls being more likely than boys to be subject to be cyber bullied.
3. Environmental Inequality and Justice [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Forum West (Hybrid)

Presider: Jessica W. Pardee, Rochester Institute of Technology
  • African American Student Perceptions of Eco-Sabotage: An Emerging Longitudinal View. .....Matthew Sheptoski, Grambling State University; Elliott Howard, University of Tennessee-Knoxville
  • Environmental issues are of keen interest to young people, locally, nationally, and globally, playing out within a context of apparently increasing political and social polarization. In such an environment it is predictable that citizen attitudes on a range of issues, including environmental issues, would become more extreme. Moreover, persistent environmental racism may make citizens in affected communities and demographic groups more open to forms of direct action, including eco-sabotage. To what degree do Grambling State University students express support for eco-sabotage? Have these perceptions shifted from 2017 to 2022? Data are drawn from student’s written responses (submitted on Canvas) on a class assignment in online sections of introductory sociology at Grambling State University over a five-year period; 2017-2022. Shifting student perceptions of eco-sabotage are contextualized by exploring the extent to which they mirror or diverge from those of the larger population of higher education students in the United States.
  • Exploring Perceptions of Bias in Pro-Environmental Behaviors: An Examination of Race and Gender. .....Jerrod Yarosh, University of South Carolina-Lancaster
  • The current research explores whether pro-environmental behaviors are perceived differently, given the practitioner's self-identified racial and gender designation. The research utilizes a novel survey design where a national sample of respondents (n=1,218) randomly reviewed 32 pairings of images and pro-environmental behavior vignettes. Respondents viewed pairings of four different racial groups displaying both men and women (White/Caucasian, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latinx, and Asian/Pacific Islander) rating each combination's level of demonstrated concern. Through multivariate regression analyses and the comparison of means between racial and gender groups, the data analysis finds trends and significant differences regarding the level of perceived concern. The primary findings are that BIPOC and women are perceived to display lower levels of environmental concern. While identifying as white or a man tends to increase the level of demonstrated concern. Other variables (i.e., political ideology, income, and education) are less predictive and show mixed associations regarding the perceived level of environmental concern. These findings warrant further examination as to whether decision-makers alter their distribution of pro-environmental services and policies when considering their perceptions of others.
Registration & Help Desk
Thursday | 8:00 am-4:00 pm | Promenade
4. Gender Research in Progress [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Embassy East

Organizer: Sarah Beth Donley, Jacksonville State University
Presider: Sarah Beth Donley, Jacksonville State University
  • Gender differences in occupational values among university faculty: Can occupational values explain gender inequality in academic fields?. .....Zoe Romaker, Mount Saint Joseph University; Richard Simon, Mount Saint Joseph University
  • Over the past several decades, women have made substantial progress in closing the gender gap in academic careers. However, the distribution of men and women in specialty fields in academia has been uneven, with women overrepresented in life science and health care fields, and underrepresented in physical science and engineering fields (Simon & Nene, 2018). Some researchers have argued that women opt out of science careers, in part, because the masculine culture of science is a “chilly climate” for women (Callister, 2006; Herzig, 2004; Monroe et al., 2008; Settles et al., 2006; Warrington & Younger, 2000; Xu, 2008). According to the chilly climate hypothesis, gender inequality in STEM careers can be at least partially explained by women feeling incompatible with, and discriminated within, science’s masculine culture. Others have argued that gendered personalities affect the probability of choosing a STEM career via differences in occupational values. Women are overrepresented among those with intrinsic and bureaucratic occupational values, preferring occupations that provide opportunities to exercise altruism, have close social relationships, opportunities for community service, express artistic skills, and access to training and supervisory support (Duffy & Sedlacek, 2007; Halaby, 2003; Gati et al., 1995; Mottaz, 1986). Men are overrepresented among those with extrinsic and entrepreneurial occupational values, preferring occupations that provide discretion, autonomy, variety, high pay, esteem, professional advancement, authoritativeness, opportunities to work outdoors, and—most important for gender inequality in STEM careers—working with tools/objects, working with computers, jobs with math and technical skills, and technology (Gati et al., 1995; Halaby, 2003). Women are believed to be less likely to choose a career in STEM because such careers are less compatible with altruistic and communitarian values associated with feminine personalities (Diekman et al., 2010, 2011). While there is a sizable literature that addresses how differing occupational values of men and women affect their career decisions, much less attention has been paid to gender differences in occupational values among academic faculty. This research project aims to explore how different occupational values play a role in the academic fields chosen by men and women, utilizing a survey of 623 academic faculty at thirteen universities that were classified as highest-research activity according to the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education (CCIHE, 2015). It tests a series of hypotheses concerning the relationship between occupational values of men and women and the gender distribution of academic fields, predicting that women who enter male-dominated fields will have occupational values more similar to men in those fields, compared to women faculty in female-dominated fields. Results of this study will advance understanding of the role that occupational values play in the gender segregation of academic careers.
  • De-siloing STEM: Does Military Service Help Diversify STEM Fields?. .....Regina Werum, University of Nebraska - Lincoln; Christina R. Steidl, University of Alabama in Huntsville; Simon Cheng, University of Connecticut; Sela Harcey, Fors Marsh Group
  • Objectives. Despite decades of efforts to broaden participation, most STEM occupations still struggle with attracting a diverse workforce. The STEM job-growth rate overall is more than twice the average rate for the total workforce (National Science Board 2018), with most job openings aimed at computer science and engineering graduates (Landivar 2013). Intriguingly, despite both STEM fields and the Armed Forces having a reputation as a “chilly” or “hostile” climate for women, recent research indicates a counterintuitive gendered association between military service and STEM outcomes: ongoing analyses suggest that military service appears to draw women veterans into STEM fields (Werum et al. 2020; Steidl et al. 2020; Harcey et al. 2021). The current analysis builds upon previous findings, employing an intersectional framework to examine the extent to which prior military service is associated with work in specific STEM occupations. Methods. Using American Community Survey data from 2014-18, we employ multinomial logit regression to compare both gendered and racialized STEM occupational patterns for military veterans versus civilians across four different STEM fields (math & sciences, computer science, engineering, and health professions). Findings. Military service provides a pathway into college and into STEM (degrees and occupations) for veterans from nearly all demographic groups. This effect is especially strong for women veterans, and in ways that improve the representation of women in multiple male-dominated occupations, especially those associated with computer science and engineering (CS&E). However, this “desiloing” effect is strongly contingent, with variation across demographic groups and types of STEM occupations. For example, we find that the association between military service and STEM occupations is much stronger for white women than for white men, across STEM occupations. In contrast, we find that among Hispanics, military service is strongly associated with STEM occupations, but there is little difference across genders (with one exception: computer science, where Hispanic women veterans are four times as likely to be employed as Hispanic women who have no history of military service). We conclude that, while military service may play a measurable role in producing a larger and more diversified pool of STEM professionals, a significant amount of unrealized potential remains.
  • "Post-feminist advice for aspiring engineers: 'Don't ever let anyone say it's a boy's club and deter your aspirations'. .....Emily Gwen Blosser, University of Louisiana at Lafayette
  • Women’s persistent underrepresentation in engineering in the United States continues to be an issue of concern that has spurred several initiatives to increase their representation in the field. Scant research, however, has explored how the field is promoted to young women who are exploring career options. In this paper, I use the National Academy of Engineering’s website, EngineerGirl, to explore how practicing engineers frame the profession to prospective engineers. I argue that messages on the website are highly gendered and raced. By emphasizing postfeminist sensibilities, messages on the website encourage women to overcome barriers through individual coping strategies that largely ignore intersections of race and ethnicity, and social class.
  • Testing the Role Congruity Hypothesis: Do Occupational Values Account for Gender Segregation in the Academy?. .....Richard Simon, Mount Saint Joseph University
  • Scholars who study gender differences in career choices point to the fact that many girls who have high scientific and mathematical achievement opt out of careers in science for other opportunities. Other research has shown that the greater desire among women to work directly with communities and help people influence them to choose careers outside of the natural sciences, such as social work and education. And when women do go into careers in the sciences, they are disproportionately represented in the life and medical sciences. The “role congruity” hypothesis put forth by Diekman (2017) argues that girls are socialized to be more nurturing and communitarian than boys, and eventually become more likely to desire careers that are in harmony with their gender roles. Because young girls tend to consider other career pathways as better suited to accommodating communitarian and altruistic values than careers in science, many talented women who might have become successful scientists instead choose alternative careers. This study further refines the role congruity hypothesis by examining gender differences in career motivations among active scientists. This paper will examine the extent to which communitarian and altruistic occupational values account for the sorting of professional academics into different disciplines.
5. Fear of Crime [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Embassy West

Organizers: Shelly McGrath, University of Alabama at Birmingham; Jessica Abbott, Utah Tech University;
Presider: Jessica Abbott, Utah Tech University
  • Revisiting the Impact of Police Effort on Violent Crime Victims' Fear: Race as an Additive or Interactional Effect. .....Jessica Abbott, Utah Tech University; Shelly McGrath, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • This study adds to the past work of Abbott, McGrath, & May (2020), which found support that greater effort on the part of police after victimization yields greater levels of fear of crime for violent crime victims. Specifically, in this research, we explore the potential additive or interactional effects that race and police effort have on violent crime victims' fear.
  • Disentangling the Relationship between Incivility, Fear of Crime, and Punitiveness: Does Fear of Crime play a Mediating Role between Incivilities and Punitiveness?. .....Chris Bounds, University of Montevallo; Elizabeth Ayers, unafflilated
  • The current study examines predictors of attitudes toward punishment among a sample of residents of Georgia. The focus of the analysis is the impact of incivilities and fear of crime upon attitudes toward the punishment of criminals. We specifically investigate whether fear of crime plays a mediating role in the relationship between incivilities and punitive attitudes toward crime. The current study explores how the implications for a “get tough” policy on criminals may be driven by incivilities at the neighborhood level and fear of crime. The policy implications of these findings are considered.
  • “Perceptions of Crime and Sociodemographic Correlates of Having Guns for Protection”. .....Russell E. Ward, Francis Marion University
  • Recent polls of the American public find that gun owners in the United States cite protection as the major reason for having a gun. Fewer studies examine whether the probability of having a gun for self-protection is associated with crime risk perception and fear of crime. This study uses data collected from a citizen satisfaction survey of law enforcement services to test whether beliefs about potential victimization of crime, worries about personal and general safety, and sociodemographic characteristics are associated with the likelihood of carrying a gun or having a gun at home for security reasons. The more robust findings from regression analyses concern the correlations between gender, home ownership, and having a gun at home for self-protection. Men were more likely than women, and home owners or buyers were significantly more likely than renters or people having other living arrangements, to report that keeping a gun at home was a precaution against crime. Part of the discussion focuses on why sociodemographic factors may be more strongly connected to the likelihood of having a gun for self-protection than perceptions about crime.
6. Politics, Social Movements, and Social Change [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Forum West (Hybrid)

Organizer: Ruth Chananie, University of Tampa
Presider: Kristie Perry, Southern University and A&M College
  • Freed but Chained: Gendered Stories and Criminal Sentencing in Ghana. .....Stella Korleki Apenkro, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • Social arrangements hinge on stories as stories reflect and convey the history, and values of a people. With that understanding, this paper explores cultural narratives of crime and criminality in Ghana and specifically how they story crime and criminality by men and women. A discourse analysis is presented on selected court cases from Ghana’s highest courts of adjudicature, namely the supreme court, court of appeal and high court. This research describes themes and narrative arcs in the stories Ghanaian officials tell of men and women concerning culpability and agency. It speculates on how such stories shape criminal justice and individual action.
  • The Formation of A 'Filipina Feminism': Re- imagining Filipina Women's Movements in Conversations with Gabriela over Time. .....Yujin Tao, Chicago
  • The women's movement in the Philippines is the product of a long history of struggle and participation in various historical conjunctures. As a nation troubled by a difficult colonial past, it is important to locate the role of women in the quest for independence. As a society characterized by unequal power relations between the masses and the ruling class, it is crucial to place the women's movement in the struggle for democracy, equality, and social justice. As part and parcel of the whole array of social movements in the Philippines, the women's movement developed and responded to the needs of the time. The changes in the nature of the women's movement from one historical period to another were apt responses to the social conditions and to the status of their struggle at different points in the past. Thus, this study explores the history and experiences of Filipina women in Gabriela, the largest women’s organization in the Philippines, as they build solidarity and shape women’s history over time and across the nation. This paper focuses on Gabriela’s shifting gender politics in different political terrains and remakes Filipina feminisms in dialogue with Western Feminism. We use Gabriela’s story as a case study to investigate the ways that internal fragmentation and constantly negotiated feminist agendas have affected the remaking of feminism. This paper observes the internal dynamics within women’s organizing through a processual lens, allowing us to join voices that unsettle false assumptions around Third World women's experiences and status. The stories we unveil in this study stress the importance of examining the grounded experiences of women's organizing with non-teleological assumptions. The conclusions we draw from the case study urges us to understand 'Filipina feminism' in its unique positionality which was influenced by anti- imperialism, nationalism, and centered around precarity and multiple temporalities.
  • Praying for Relief: The Legal Framing Battles over School Prayer. .....James Edward Stobaugh, Arkansas Tech University; Sean Huss, Arkansas Tech University
  • The modern battle over school prayer has raged on in schools and courts since 1962 and the Engle v. Vitale case. Over time, school prayer proponents and opponents have turned to the courts for protection. This paper examines this legal struggle and looks at the ways that the legal framing around this issue has changed and adapted over time. These changing frames occur in predictable ways. We find that the institution affects the set of available frames. The constitutional frame was less likely to be used in state and lower courts but widely applied when cases made the Supreme Court. Beyond the influence that the level and type of court that is hearing the case has, we show how oppositional movements can influence and affect the ways that social movements present themselves in court and to the public. We also illustrate how movement identity and framing can be influenced by judicial decisions, including legal victories and defeats.
  • The Black Church and Social Justice. .....Kristie Perry, Southern University and A&M College; Ashraf Esmail, Dillard University
  • Historically, the Black Church has served as an institution at the forefront of the Civil Rights Movement. Today, many have criticized the absence of activism within the Black Church. As one of the oldest and continued existing institutions in the African American Community, the New Black Church has refocused energy addressing problems that have become structured in their communities from food insecurity, social injustice, voter engagement and registration, health education and awareness and outreach, access to capital, education, and housing. This research provides a description of a social justice program implemented at a Church of God in Christ in urban city in the Southern United States. It examines the impact of charismatic leadership, organized and structured social engagement on community social and economic wellbeing. Finally, using a community participatory model, it makes recommendations for key features of successful community-based program implementation.
7. Constructions of Deviance [Panel]
Thursday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Melencia Johnson, University of South Carolina Aiken
This session will highlight undergraduate research pertaining to deviant attitudes, behaviors, and conditions. Students have traced the construction of deviance from its beginning to the common perception today. These literature reviews offer suggestions for future research and empirical study.
  • Stigma toward Masculine Presenting Women of Color. .....Patience Clark, University of South Carolina Aiken
  • The divergence from traditional gender roles is an old concept that has only recently received acceptance from the populace. In part, this has to do with the growing acceptance of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transexual+ (LGBT+) people in society and the ability for LGBT+ people to be open about their sexuality and identity, specifically through appearances. With the growing questioning of society’s gender norms, women are one of the groups to begin branching away from the gendered norms and adopting more ‘masculine’ appearances, whether a part of the LGBT+ community or not. Though masculine presenting women are slowly becoming an accepted normality within society there is an apparent disparity between the treatment of masculine WOC and non-WOC masculine presenting women, which can be traced back to the deep-rooted racism in society, the association of masculine women of being automatically queer and therefore facing double stigma, viewing WOC as less feminine, POC women being
  • Skipping the Line. .....Isaiah Brunson, University of South Carolina-Aiken
  • A line is a system that many people know and adhere to, which signifies what number they are in during that queue. This presentation will review the unaddressed regulations to waiting in line. Is waiting in line viewed as an social norm or it is much more than that? This presentation will detail the significance of waiting in lines in different cultures, and why it is or is not viewed as an social norm.
  • Polyamory Isn’t as New As We Think. .....Tyler Duke, University of South Carolina Aiken
  • Human sexuality has always been a taboo topic of discussion. Social norms for years have been couples are between man and women in some societies. In ancient times men were allowed to have relations with multiple women at a time. What many people fail to realize is that polyamory was a common practice in ancient times. In recent years there have been multiple movements that have broken this societal norm. Polyamory is an umbrella term under non-monogamy. This presentation will define what exactly non-monogamy is, the history, and the stigma surrounding it.
  • Infidelity: Causes and Prevention. .....Evan Hutto, University of South Carolina Aiken
  • This presentation reviews factors that are predictors of infidelity, and how to prevent infidelity. Infidelity in this context is also known as cheating or adultery. It is the act of having emotional or physical relations with someone outside of your agreed upon relationship (Fye & Mims, 2018). Adultery is accounted as a major influence in ending relationships, with 88.8% of couples having one of the two listing it as one of the biggest reasons for their divorce (Scott et al., 2013). The objective of my presentation is to review the causes of infidelity, and what preventative measures can be taken to reduce infidelity.
  • Changes in Stigma toward Mental Illness and Neurodivergence. .....Mia Maupin, University of South Carolina Aiken
  • While there has been a recent concerted effort amongst mental health experts and those with social platforms to destigmatize mental illness there is still a belief that mental illness, suicide, and neurodivergence are the result of deviance. Given that many people do not have mental illnesses or battle with suicidality it is seen as going against the norm, as if the human psyche is supposed to function one way and one way only, that being with the absence of mental struggles. The National Institute of Mental Health states “mental illnesses are common in the United States, nearly one in five U.S. adults live with mental illness, that’s 52.9 million in 2020 (Merikangas et al., 2022). Given the prevalence of mental illness and neurodivergence combined with new scientific research it is important to recognize where society started and where we are now in terms of evolution of mental illness being seen as deviant.
  • Medical Professionals' Attitudes toward Individuals with Excess Weight. .....Briara McManus, University of South Carolina Aiken
  • The topic of obesity has become a very common conversation held in our society nowadays as it seems to be more common now than before. Though it is occurring more often, it is still viewed as a deviant act and many frown upon the idea of being severely overweight. This presentation will attempt to discuss and figure out how society’s attitudes about obesity affect those that suffer from the condition and also attempt to discuss how policies can and need to be implemented to stop the ill treatment of obese individuals, particularly by medical professionals.
  • Melencia Johnson, University of South Carolina Aiken;
8. Teaching Sociology [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | Embassy East

Organizer: Erin L Rider, Jacksonville State University
Presider: Kimberly P. Brackett, Auburn University at Montgomery
  • Using Canva to Create an Engaging Syllabus. .....Eryn Grucza Viscarra, Georgia College
  • Most of our students are Gen Z. Most instructors are not. Gen Z-ers are a very tech savvy group. However, our syllabi look like they are from the Stone Age. One way to engage students right off the bat is to have a fresh, engaging syllabus that grabs their attention and piques their interest in the class. One way instructors can do this is to create their syllabi utilizing an easy to use program called Canva. Canva allows instructors to “spice up” their syllabi using graphics, videos, links, and much more. In my session, I will show instructors how they can take the syllabus they currently use and convert it into an eye catching, fun, and interactive syllabus that meets their Gen Z students on their level.
  • Teaching with OER at an HBCU. .....Stanley Adam Veitch, Central State University
  • OER (open educational resource) textbooks are becoming increasingly common in university classrooms. OER are online resources for instructors to use free of charge in the classroom. Due to the rising costs of textbooks along with other educational costs, OER offers an important outlet for students of lower-class backgrounds. OER also helps ensure students can access the textbook for their course on the first day of classes. This paper will discuss how OER has helped introductory sociology students at a small HBCU, populated primarily with lower-class backgrounds and people of color. Students have reported enjoying the webpage format of the online textbooks, the ease of access of materials, and the ability to lower costs of their stay at the university. Furthermore, OER has allowed instructors more customization of the material to cover while still retaining the basics of sociology. This format of introductory sociology is important for breaking down the class barriers and status issues associated with university classrooms.
  • Exploring an Intentionally Inclusive Pedagogy. .....Melencia Johnson, University of South Carolina Aiken
  • This paper reviews an approach to format courses to be intentionally inclusive of students who are diverse on many intersecting dimensions. A goal of intentionally inclusive pedagogy is to create a learning environment that is accessible and welcoming to as many students as possible. A key to this perspective is creating a strong sense of belonging in the classroom. This session will discuss how a sense of belonging can be created through content choices, creating meaningful connections, faculty/student engagement, and student agency.
  • The Value of Group Projects in Upper-level Sociology Courses. .....Kimberly P. Brackett, Auburn University at Montgomery
  • Students today value collaborative classroom opportunities. Accelerated by social media and interactive electronic formats, current students are more comfortable with collaborative work and often choose to work collaboratively even with the assignment is not a group assignment. While some faculty express concern over this behavior, equating it with plagiarism, others consider it a hallmark of resourcefulness and independent learning. Throughout the pandemic, teaching experts and mental health professionals encouraged faculty to give collaborative tasks as a way for students to feel connected to their classmates, especially when learning remotely. Given the value of collaborative work as expressed in recent research regarding retaining students and building group identity, I provide a rationale for including group projects in upper-level sociology courses.
9. Sociology of Emotions [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | Embassy West

Organizer: Lauren Brooke Norman, University of North Carolina-Pembroke
Presider: Lauren Brooke Norman, University of North Carolina-Pembroke
  • The Effect of Social Network Relationships on Loneliness for Korean Adults. .....Hosik Min, U of South Alabama; Soo Rim Noh, Chungnam National University
  • Loneliness is one of the serious mental health issues in Korean society. Most studies have been done on adolescents and the old, as the severity of loneliness (and its strong association with suicide) is higher for these age groups. The old, who are being male, lovely educated, financially vulnerable, have any mental health issues, and have limited caregiving and limited social networks, are experiencing a higher level of loneliness. This study will examine the association between loneliness and social network relations for Korean adults. more specifically, using LSNS (Lubben Social Network Scale) will give us detailed information about social networks, such as the number of close relationships (including family and friends), their frequency of communication, communication methods, and their effect on loneliness for Korean adults. We utilized 647 Korean adults through a population-based survey and employed regression analysis. We found having a confidante was the most significant, consistent, and strong factor to lower loneliness among Korean adults. In other words, we found weak or partial support for the frequencies of communications to lower loneliness among Korean adults.
  • Emergency Communications: A Quantitative Survey on Emotional Labor. .....Katherine Sweeney, University of alabama in birmingham
  • Both working as a 9-1-1 dispatcher and examining research on emergency communications personnel reveals high levels of emotional labor and associated stress, mental health issues including depression and anxiety, and positive and negative coping mechanisms among these workers. These also have implications for job satisfaction. Using completed survey data from over 550 9-1-1-dispatchers/emergency communication workers across the United States, I examine emotions at work and away from work, levels of emotional labor, and stress along with job satisfaction, mental health indicators, and coping mechanisms. I found that levels of emotional labor are very high among all groups, to the point of almost no variation. As a result, the emotional labor scale was not significant predictor of job satisfaction, but separate scales measuring surface and deep acting were significant. Results point to interesting patterns of variation in types/levels of job satisfaction, emotions at/away from work, mental health indicators, and coping mechanisms. Implications for training and policy are discussed.
  • Take me Out to the Ballgame: Identity Work, Emotions, & the Contours of Baseball. .....J. Sumerau, University of Tampa
  • In this presentation, I examine some ways professional baseball games provide a setting for the accomplishment of emotional and identity work. Drawing on ethnographic observations from 10 minor and major league baseball stadiums in 4 states, I present preliminary observations concerning some ways baseball games function as (1) sites of identity construction and affirmation; (2) places of emotional resonance and work; and (3) an intersection of these two forms of self development. In so doing, I draw out insights for the identity salience of sports fandom as well as some ways such insights may inspire broader theorizing within and beyond Social Psychology.
10. Criminology: Race and Police Encounters [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | Forum West (Hybrid)

Organizer: Shelly McGrath, University of Alabama at Birmingham
Presider: Shelly McGrath, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • Lessons My Parents Taught Me: The Cultural Significance of "The Talk" within the Black Family. .....Debbie Griffith, University of Central Florida
  • ABSTRACT In the wake of the renewed sense of powerlessness felt in the Black community, "The Talk" (Snell,2016) is primarily considered an essential rite of passage in Black homes in preparing Black children to engage with Police when faced with the microaggressions of racism. The awareness that the rules are different based on the color of your skin reinforces the narrative that for Blacks, most will face a legal system that functions to protect and serve whiteness (Burton, 2015). This research examines the cultural significance of Racial Socialization and the use of "The Talk" within the Black family as a tool to address the effects of systemic racism in our legal system, specifically interactions between Black youth and the Police. Through the lens of Critical Race Theory, Racial Socialization, and Discourse Analysis, this qualitative study will examine the need felt by parents to prepare their Black children how to interact with the Police when faced with disparity of treatment resulting in discrimination and racism. The research also aimed to interpreting meanings, concepts, behaviors, and attitudes of awareness on the use of The Talk and how the effects of social standing, race, gender, and exposure to racism influence these interpretations. Current research addresses the need for crucial issues of racism and discrimination between the Black community and law enforcement. This study will expand on the current research to focus on the more difficult question of why the use of "The Talk" as a form of socialized racial behavior within Black families is focused on being a pre-emptive versus a solution-based response to racism and discrimination when interacting with law enforcement. As a solution-based response, The Talk is guided by how to stop, not just mitigate, these problems—shifting the focus to finding solutions to eliminate the perceived threat felt by both the Police and Blacks from each other. Further questioning: If “The Talks” fails to shift into a more solution-based response, will become the catalyst of the same evils “The Talk” was created to avoid? Key Terms: The Talk, black families, racial socialization, critical race theory, discourse analysis
  • Racial Bias in Civilian-Police Encounters: A Review of the Literature. .....Andrew Wayne Austin, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay
  • Over the last several years, accompanying a widespread perception that US institutions are shaped by (and shape) racism, the question of race/ethnic bias in the criminal justice system has become a high-profile matter of public and policy debate. This is not the first time that questions of race/ethnic bias in the system have been raised by academics, activists, journalists, and public officials. Indeed, a considerable body of literature on the problem of racial bias in criminal justice has been accumulating for several decades. In this paper, I review that literature with a focus on civilian-officer interactions, including those involving deadly force, to determine whether the evidence indicates—and, if so, how much—pervasive racial bias in police encounters. The paper interrogates not only the evidence but confronts conceptual and logical problems in determining the presence and extent of racism in policing in the Unites States.
  • Community Perceptions of Law Enforcement and Policing: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. .....Kristie Perry, Southern University and A&M College; Alma Thornton, Jackson State University; Jeton McClinton, Jackson State University
  • Community Perceptions of Law Enforcement and Policing: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats Kristie Perry, Ph.D., Alma Thornton, Ph.D., and Jeton McClinton, Ph.D. In recent years greater attention has focused on community policing as leaders seek effective ways of increasing public safety and improving community residents' quality of life. Community residents have belabored their limited input into ways of improving public safety. This qualitative study assessed community residents' recommendations for modifying a local community policing program to be more effective in high crime and minority communities. Four community listening sessions were conducted to identify perceived community problems with local law enforcement, procedural justice recommendations, and visions for a new model of policing. Study findings suggest community residents had negative experiences during police officer encounters. Barriers to improving police-community relations were the absence of transparency and open and honest communications. Community residents called for increased police-community engagement and dialogue, greater diversity in the police department, greater police visibility in high crime impact areas, more police training, greater efforts to ensure community understanding of law enforcement policies, and provision of more trauma informed services.
11. Contemporary Issues in Victim Advocacy [Roundtable]
Thursday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | International

Organizer: Courtney Waid, Auburn University at Montgomery
Presider: Jackie McNett, Auburn University at Montgomery
Services for victims of crime have increased in recent years, supported by federal funding and training at the state-level. Many professionals working in victim services and victim advocacy work with individuals that have experienced a wide range of victimization. That said, it is understood that more clarity is needed in considering how to best serve: (1) victims of human trafficking, and (2) victims of crime experiencing victimization in the aftermath of natural disasters. This roundtable welcomes a discussion of how best to serve victims experiencing these unique, but quickly growing, forms of victimization, as well as optimal methods for supporting service providers who work with these victims.
  • Jackie McNett, Auburn University at Montgomery
  • Courtney Waid, Auburn University at Montgomery
  • Amber Sutton, Auburn University at Montgomery
12. Contributions of Historically Black Colleges and Universities in the 21st Century [Panel]
Thursday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Nicola Davis Bivens, Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) - Charlotte, NC

  • Alisha L. Bazemore, Norfolk State University;
  • Anita Bledsoe-Gardner, Johnson C. Smith University;
  • Yolanda Meade Byrd, Independent Researcher;
  • Geoffrey Collier, South Carolina State University;
  • DuEwa Frazier, Coppin State University;
  • LaToya N. Johnson, South Carolina State University;
  • Frank Martin, South Carolina State University;
  • DeMond S. Miller, Rowan University;
  • Joseph C. Onyeocha, South Carolina State University;
  • Deborah Brown Quick, Johnson C. Smith University;
  • Amani Rush, Temple University;
  • Harry Singleton, University of South Carolina;
  • LaSonya Townsend, Johnson C. Smith University;
  • Jonathan Wesley, Independent Researcher;
  • Nicola Davis Bivens, Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) - Charlotte, NC;
35. AKD Mentoring Session [Workshop]
Thursday | 12:30 pm-1:30 pm | Forum East (Hybrid)
Women, Gender, and Sexualities Committee Lunch
Thursday | 12:30 pm-1:30 pm | Grand Ballroom East
14. Thematic Paper Session - Past Truths, Present Justice, Possible Future [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 1:45 pm-3:00 pm | Embassy East

Presider: Joongwon Kim, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • From "Southern Lawlessness" to Institutionalized Racism: Insights from J. R. Steelman's Early 20th Century Sociology. .....Deborah Lowry, University of Montevallo
  • The theme of MSSA’s 48th annual meeting invites us to consider sociology’s contributions for understanding past truths, present justice, and future possibilities. In this research, I examine the scholarship of J. R. Steelman, an early 20th-century sociologist who worked at present-day University of Montevallo before acting as special advisor to President Harry S. Truman. His analysis of mob violence, primarily social psychological in its approach, highlights the extent to which racism and racial terrorism were at the time widely understood as problems of lawlessness and potential stigma. His historical reflections provide important reminders about the roots of contemporary racism as well as potential lessons to be learned for framing social problems and addressing societal injustices.
  • The French Exception: Colorblindness and Enlightened Racism in Contemporary France. .....Marie des Neiges Leonard, The University of South Alabama
  • This essay aims to unmask and examine the French approach to accounting for racial diversity. More specifically, this paper argues that France and its colorblind approach represents an exception in Europe in its refusal to acknowledge and take into account the existence of race and racial categories. This essay contends that such refusal stems from a denial at the state level that is at the source of colorblind racism in France. Indeed it is my contention that ignoring and rejecting the notion of race, and preventing social scientists from collecting data on race and ethnicity, means precluding the understanding of one of the fundamental forms and forces of social stratification in contemporary France, and as a result failing to grasp some of the most important mechanisms that produce and maintain inequality. The goal of this paper is to unveil the mechanisms of colorblindness, and particularly what I call the grammar of colorblind racism, based on various strategies and repertoires used by different institutions in French society. The form of colorblind racism examined in the French case uses frameworks and language from the French Enlightenment to support racist ideologies, which, this paper argues, makes it an “enlightened racism.”
  • Threats to American Democracy!. .....Keith Parker, National Education and Empowerment Coalition, Inc.
  • To many observers across the political spectrum, the major threats to American democracy have been posited by the Supreme Courts of the United States [i.e., Citizens United v. FEC Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 558 U.S. 310 (2010), Shelby County v. Holder, 570 U.S. 529 (2013), Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization, No. 19-1392, 597 U.S. ___ (2022)], the 2020 US presidential election, the January 6, 2021, insurrection at the US Capitol, and recent state-enacted laws. This paper, drawing on insights from the fields of sociology and comparative politics, argues that the dominant thread in the above-mentioned threats to American democracy is the age-old effort to make it more difficult for some Americans to exercise certain constitutional rights.
15. Critical Sociology of Film and Television [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 1:45 pm-3:00 pm | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Harry F. Dahms, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Presider: Harry F. Dahms, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • A Sociology of Peaky Blinders: The Specter of Fascism. .....Christian Lewelling, University of Tennessee Knoxville
  • This paper is a sociological critique and interpretation of the hit BBC show, "Peaky Blinders," an interwar period drama that follows the rise of gangster Thomas Shelby (Cillian Murphy) from the backstreets of industrial Birmingham to the upper echelons of British power, as a wealthy businessman, member of parliament, and OBE. The show is filled with useful metaphors and themes that lend themselves to sociological criticism and interpretation. Chief among these are the forces of fascism, which Shelby confronts in subtle and explicit variations as he ascends the ranks of British power. While Shelby's background as a poor working-class, Roma-Irish migrant and romantic socialist lead him into a clandestine effort to halt insurgent fascism in interwar Britain, he fails at every turn and (so far) only ends up bolstering the movement. The dynamics of the show are ultimately a critique of the contradictions and paradoxes of global capitalism and thus are insightful given our contemporary era of growing authoritarianism. Using social theory and a political sociological perspective, this paper reflects on the value of "Peaky Blinders" in elucidating the crises of global capitalism and creeping fascism and considers what it would take to avoid the bleakest of futures in realizing a socioecologically just world.
  • No Time to Reflect: 007, International Politics, Conflict, and the Need for Planetary Sociology. .....Cameron Taylor Graham, University of Tennessee at Knoxville
  • Understanding the numerous and compounding tribulations in a highly globalized world can be an arduous task. From climate change to international criminal syndicates, many of the world’s problems are shared by multiple states, albeit often unequally. Because of this, many social scientists have turned to studying globalization and examining transnational phenomena rather than concentrating on single national contexts. This paradigm shift in how social scientists approach such work is imperative; it's crucial that we recognize past shortcomings across our respective disciplines to develop more rigorous, comprehensive theoretical frameworks that can more effectively grapple with the intricacies and interconnectedness of modern societies and the processes by which globalization manifests. Planetary sociology, especially, can be a leading example in this respect, particularly when combined with film. With urgency in the need to address the mounting problems of the present day more effectively, though, some might ask why the inclusion of film rather than conducting research that can more effectively inform policy. However, I argue this perspective is mistaken in its implication that film is not a productive site for sociological research. As this paper seeks to demonstrate, film combines particularly well sociology to explain novel research agendas and frameworks, like planetary sociology, and provides opportunities to enhance the sociological imagination of researchers and students in the discipline within a rapidly changing and highly globalized world. This study seeks to extend the neoteric perspectives that have emerged in recent scholarship to signify the applicability of film in sociological research by examining the planetary sociological implications in the most recent 007 movies starring Daniel Craig as James Bond from 2006 to 2021. A thematic analysis of the series and its five films will guide this manuscript to highlight how the story of Daniel Craig’s Bond pertains to existing social science debates for studying the contemporary global context and how we can more critically think about real-world issues.
  • Gendered Neoliberal Possession. .....Bethany Nelson, University of Tennessee-Knoxville
  • Since its inception, the horror genre has been reflective of cultural fears. In neoliberal society, horror cinema has experienced a cultural revival that has challenged the conventional boundaries of the genre and expanded our current understandings through a convergence of neoliberalism and gothic horror with unprecedented popularity in the cultural imaginary. The conjuring universe, one of the highest grossing and most popular horror universes to date, presents a key space for cultural criminologists, like horror and film fans, to engage with the terror of the neoliberal world through mediated new gothic images, resulting in a gothic criminology. Through an ethnographic content analysis of the conjuring cinematic universe, this project explores gendered representation of neoliberal possession. I use the conjuring universe as a case study to analyze how neoliberal social formations have changed the face of American horror with a focus on the revival of possession. The cultural revival of gothic metonym and tropes, coupled with an explicit link to true crime genres, culminates in a neoliberal gothic criminology centered upon the tension of declining social institutions in relation to personal responsibility as a key response to neoliberal logics.
  • Women and Filmic Violence: Undoing Gender and Discursive Confrontation. .....Madison Raegan Ross, University of Tennessee
  • As a condensed version of social reality, film has become a more common object of modern sociological and criminological investigation. As such, we can explore film to understand taken-for-granted as well as innovative constructions of social phenomena. Among these are gendered violence. We can use film to dig deep into its logics, elaborated in visual and narrative representations. Prior literature has analyzed crime films and the behavioral constructions within them, outlining the representations of serial homicide, rape, mass shootings and revenge. However, few studies have outlined films that do meaningful, non-voyeuristic representational work on the issue of violence against women. The purpose of this paper, then, is to fill the gap by conducting a thematic analysis of four films that convey women resisting violence: Precious (2009), Room (2015), Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (2017), and Promising Young Woman (2020). While resistance to violence against women and other feminized subjects is usually the province of men or the masculine state, these four films cast women as the main protagonists and furthermore characterize them as active and powerful in their negotiation of violence.
16. Victimology [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 1:45 pm-3:00 pm | Forum West (Hybrid)

Organizer: Jessica Abbott, Utah Tech University
Presider: Tina Deshotels, Jacksonville State University
  • The Role of Race in Reporting Violent Victimization. .....Jessica Marie Doucet, Francis Marion University; Jessica Burke, Francis Marion University; Kiley Molinari, Francis Marion University
  • Since 1973, the National Crime Victimization Survey has collected data on criminal victimization, gathering detailed information about the victim, offender, and circumstances surrounding criminal offenses. The current study utilizes NCVS data to determine how specific social and contextual factors influence whether the police are called after experiencing a violent victimization event. Utilizing data from 2010-2019, logistic regression analyses will be used to examine social factors that predict reporting violent victimization to the police and whether those factors vary by the victim’s race/ethnicity. The factors being considered include household income, sex, marital status, age, education, whether the offender was known to the victim, and whether a weapon was used. Additionally, specific reasons for reporting violent victimization will be examined to ascertain if racial/ethnic background is related to why victims chose to get the police involved. Limitations and areas for future research will be discussed.
  • Effective for All? A Systematic Review of Bullying Prevention Studies 2000-2020 and their Consideration of Students’ Ethnicities and Races. .....Brett Lehman, Auburn University at Montgomery; Sydney Hunter, Auburn University at Montgomery
  • Numerous studies of school-based anti-bullying programs’ effectiveness are published, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses of the studies. However, no systematic reviews of this literature examine the extent to which scholars report reductions of bullying victimization across various social categories of students, such as ethnicity or race. This is a concern as the population of students in the United States and many other countries is expected to become more ethnically diverse. Further, there is increased concern of stigma-based bullying where students are targeted based on various socially devalued characteristics. Results of the systematic review are based on 59 peer reviewed empirical evaluations of bullying prevention programs published between 2000-2020. While 59.3% of these publications reported the racial/ethnic diversity of student participants, only 11.9% (N=7) of the studies indicated the extent to which program effectiveness varied across students of different ethnic or racial backgrounds. This group of studies evaluated programs conducted in Australia, Canada, and the United States while no studies of European programs reported results across ethnicities or races. It was more common for studies to disaggregate results by gender and age, however.
  • #NotHereToo: Community Readiness To Change. .....Chelsee Allen, University of Nebraska - Lincoln; Tina Deshotels, Jacksonville State University; Sarah Beth Donley, Jacksonville State University
  • This research uses the Community Readiness Model developed by the Tri-Ethic Center at Colorado State University, and tested for validity, to gauge a mid-size university in the southern U.S. readiness to end sexual violence and propose practical action plans to effectively address the problem. Using interviews from 10 stakeholders that represent law enforcement, student government, leaders of student organizations, mental health, prevention, and administration we explored the following dimensions of readiness for change: community knowledge of the issue, knowledge of efforts to address the issue, leadership, resources, and community climate. Our findings indicate that on a scale 1-9, the university is at a 4-5 with a mode of 4, which is categorized as the pre-planning stage. Results indicate a lack of communication around ongoing programming and research efforts associated with sexual violence on campus as well as a lack of knowledge of what constitutes sexual violence and a reluctance to report. Prevention on this campus would need to start with streamlining communications about departmental programming efforts and increasing knowledge, dispelling myths, reducing stigma, and increasing the skills necessary to recognize and thus intervene in sexual violence.
  • Institutional, Ideological, and Interactional Constraints: The Case of Sexual Abuse in White Evangelical Settings. .....Ashleigh Elain McKinzie, Middle Tennessee State University
  • Drawing on 32 interviews with survivors, we examine sexual abuse in white evangelical contexts as a point of intervention in feminist debates over agency. In recent decades, scholars have tended to focus on how women in gender-traditional religions exercise agency via submission and piety. We argue that the case of abuse points to the limits of agency as a lens to understand women and girls’ experiences, and theorize ideological, institutional, and interactional constraints to clarify how evangelical settings may hinder addressing abuse. We explore how these constraints operate within purity culture, which undergirds much of evangelicalism. Purity culture holds women/girls responsible for men/boys’ sexuality and lust, restricts access to the language and resources for survivors to identify and cope with abuse, and blames those who try to address it. This analysis has important implications for other settings characterized by the interplay of agency and constraint.
17. Sociology Student Organizations - Sponsored by MT Student Sociologists [Roundtable]
Thursday | 1:45 pm-3:00 pm | International

Organizer: Meredith Huey Dye, Middle Tennessee State University
  • Sophia Mae Roberts, Middle Tennessee State University;
18. Social Justice: Refugee Policy, Academia, and Animal Rights [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 3:15 pm-4:30 pm | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Harry F. Dahms, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Presider: Sarah Castillo, University of Tennessee-Knoxville
  • Representation, Recognition, and Legitimization: An examination of Refugee Policy through the lens of Louis Althusser’s Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses. .....Sarah Castillo, University of Tennessee-Knoxville
  • I turn to "Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses (Notes Towards an Investigation)" by Louis Althusser to examine the ways in which refugee policy has been used and still is used both as an Ideological State Apparatus and a Repressive State Apparatus. I investigate media representations of refugees and asylum seekers, primarily looking at what role ideology plays in the use or enforcement of refugee policy. I look at two different time periods of nine different newspapers that are separated into liberal, moderate, or conservative orientations across the United States. I focus on stories corresponding to historical events and or presidential campaigns. I am particularly interested in Cuba and Haiti during the late 1970’s and early 1980’s compared to Syria and Ukraine during the early 2000’s to late 2022. I compare the results to corresponding public opinion to see how attitudes change over time. Using Althusser’s concepts of ideological practice, ideological apparatuses, and interpellation, I hope to illustrate that the United States has historically and still currently uses refugee policy as a mechanism of maintaining power and racial privilege.
  • The Subservient Role of Diversity and Inclusion in the Making of White Academia: An Analysis of a Diversity and Inclusion Center at a Flagship University. .....Joongwon Kim, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • Using ethnographic, autoethnographic, and archival data from working within the Diversity and Inclusion Center at a predominantly and historically white university in the Southeast United States, this chapter examines the ways that Diversity and Inclusion sectors in premier universities do more harm than good in serving the racial and ethnic minority campus population. In particular, I separate and parse out the ways that institutional complicity works as a component of what Omi and Winant (2015) identified as a racial project, where the ideological work of race is accomplished through both cultural and structural means. Drawing from my participant observation, autoethnographic reflection, and analysis of statements and publicity materials by the Diversity and Inclusion Center for Asian Americans (DICAA), this study reveals illustrative insights into some of the roles that Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI) ideology plays in legitimizing racial ignorance, tokenism, and careerism, effectively functioning as the dominant racial ideology in service of white supremacy. At the university level, careerism and tokenism are rewarded and measured as an outcome. At the level of individual organizations housed within the university’s DEI sector, the DEI initiatives themselves are failing the Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) it purports to serve. This study also explores the role of the center workers as racialized subjects who effectively work against themselves in obscuring racial domination. In doing so, I call into question my own experience as a Korean American within the Diversity and Inclusion Center and the racialized labor I performed, where events and panels would be organized and presented performatively without the institutional effort put forth to realize the lofty plans and ideals. Ultimately, this study reconsiders the DEI sector as a panacea for racism and rather as a site where contemporary racial domination is accomplished. Overall, I turn to the literature on critical perspectives on DEI as a whole in pondering ways to subvert the symbolic forms of racial domination in an era of “performative” activism.
  • Deconstructing Industrial Animal Agriculture: A means to understanding and improving planetary food systems. .....Samantha Anne McIntyre, University of Tennessee Knoxville
  • This paper discusses multiple points regarding the impacts that industrial animal agriculture has made and the theoretical and broader effect it has accrued on perceptions of human and non-human animal relations, animal maltreatment, and the greater food system. Understanding the theoretical underpinnings that drive animal agriculture are important, specifically conceptions of beings as property and the social constructions of hierarchy. In addition, this paper will explore the discourse that is used to degrade non-human animals, therein concealing and mitigating the causal harm while upholding the interests of the hegemonic society of the U.S.
 This is all interrelated with issues of planetarity, because of the manner in which humans have impacted the extended environment and our own health. I want to use this paper as a starting point for further applying these issues on a large scale, and brainstorming solutions.
19. Determinants of Work Interactions and Outcomes [Regular Paper Session]
Thursday | 3:15 pm-4:30 pm | Forum West (Hybrid)

Presider: May Takeuchi, University of North Alabama
  • Easy vs. Harsh Social Environment and Dyadic Interactions: Do Men and Women Interact with Their Unknown Partners Differently in Dyads? (Roundtable). .....May Takeuchi, University of North Alabama; Alexander Takeuchi, University of North Alabama
  • How a team of two individuals interact with each other while engaging in a computerized remote work that demands their cooperation and simple collective decisions after exchanging directive acts (i.e., suggestions) and compliance to earn collective rewards for the team? We examined this under two conditions representing the resourcefulness of their work environments: 1) easy or resourceful environment where the probability of attaining the team rewards was high; and 2) harsh or resource-scarce environment where the probability of attaining the team rewards was low. We were interested to find any gender difference between male members and female members of the team when they interact with their respective teammate whose gender is unknown to them. Results of our experiment show that men and women have different tendencies in team working in that women are overall more complying to their teammate and team-oriented than men are to theirs when the work environment is more resourceful. However, when the work environment is resource-scarce, the gender difference disappears because women tend to become less team-oriented (while overall tend to become less active), whereas men tend to become more complying to their teammate and team-oriented (while overall tend to become more active).
  • Revisiting Effective Workplace Index: Exploring its Impact on Job Turnover among Male and Female Workers. .....Deniz Yucel, William Paterson University of New Jersey
  • Using data on 1351 workers from the 2016 National Study of the Changing Workforce, this study revisits the effective workplace index (Pal et al., 2020) According to confirmatory factor analyses, only three of the seven dimensions of this index capture the effectiveness of workplace index; supervisor support, autonomy, and work-life fit. Moreover, this study tests whether these three dimensions impact the likelihood of job turnover among male and female workers separately. Additional results suggest that out of these three dimensions, work-life fit is most significantly associated with job turnover. The effects are expected to be significantly stronger among female workers than male workers. I further discuss these results and their implications for worker well-being.
20. Thematic Panel: Participatory Democracy as a Solution to Structural Violence - Black Nashville Assembly [Plenary]
Thursday | 3:15 pm-4:30 pm | Grand Ballroom Central

Organizer: Marcus Brooks, Western Kentucky University
Panelists: Dr. Sekou Franklin, Erica Perry Esq, Mike Floss, Jamel Campbell-Gooch, Dr. Judy Cummings Join via webinar:
Presidential Welcome Reception
Thursday | 5:00 pm-6:15 pm | Crown Ballroom
Small and Community Colleges Caucus Breakfast [Breakfast]
Friday | 7:00 am-8:00 am | International
Friday | 7:00 am-8:00 am | Grand Ballroom East
21. Homicide Studies [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Embassy East

Organizer: John Boulahanis, Southeastern Louisiana University
Presider: John Boulahanis, Southeastern Louisiana University
  • Migratory Destination and Homicide among Latino's. .....Michael Bisciglia, Southeastern Louisiana University
  • An Analysis of Pre- and Post-Covid-19 Homicides. .....John Boulahanis, Southeastern Louisiana University
  • John Boulahanis, Southeastern Louisiana University;
22. Systemic Inequalities of Disaster and Displacement [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Embassy West

Presider: Hugh Floyd, Samford University
  • Just Transition or Just Another Transition?: Considering the case of North Carolina’s emerging offshore wind industry. .....Matthew Jerome Schneider, University of North Carolina at Pembroke; Brian F. O'Neill, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
  • In recent years, American support for a renewable energy transition has grown, as have discussions of a “just transition.” In the context of a move toward low-carbon energy production, a just transition would mean accounting for the negative economic and social impacts created by changes to our energy infrastructure and planning the transition with a mind toward social, racial, and environmental justice. However, this article problematizes the idea that a renewable energy agenda can and will be just -- even if government and industry agree to prioritize vulnerable or minoritized communities. Instead, the transition policymakers are working toward might represent the next chapter in a legacy of capitalist extraction, known for exploiting and maintaining longstanding patterns of inequality. By exploring the case of North Carolina’s emerging offshore wind industry, this paper attempts to better tease out this tension between just transition discourse and an (ongoing) history of extractive logics. Ultimately, we find that the relevant question is not whether renewable energies should be implemented, but how the burden and benefits of renewable energy industries can be equitably shared.
  • Looking at the Past, Hoping for the Future: Experiences of a Displaced Community. .....Hugh Floyd, Samford University
  • The case of intergenerational narrative of the displacement of Swain County North Carolina Residence with the building of Fontana Dam
  • Contaminated Families: Using Grief Rituals to Navigate Bereavement after a Missile Disaster. .....Jason Shawn Ulsperger, Arkansas Tech University; Kristen Ulsperger, Arkansas Tech University
  • Technological disasters involve complex systems and human negligence leading to loss of life, physical damage, and social disruption. Grief entails emotions aligned with sadness and stress coming after the loss of people or property. Most work on disasters and grief is psychological in nature and addresses natural disasters. Some sociological studies do consider technological disasters and aspects of grief. However, they fail to consider the long-term influence of catastrophic events on family dynamics after loss of life. Using structural ritualization theory, this paper reviews symbolic actions people used to navigate bereavement after the 1965 missile silo disaster at Launch Complex 373-4 in rural Arkansas. It proposes that technological disasters can pollute the environment and corrupt communities, but also contaminate family relationships for decades.
23. Marginalized Identities in Higher Education: Research on Student Perceptions and Experiences [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Blake R. Silver, George Mason University
Presider: Blake R. Silver, George Mason University
  • Queer Students: Retention, Protection, and Policy in Higher Education. .....Jessi Taylor, University of New Brunswick; Rachael Green, West Virginia University; Autumn Rena Martin, University of Louisville; Jacklyn Murphy, California Institute of Integral Studies; Kristen Desjarlais, Cape Brenton University
  • LGBTQ+ students face disproportionate stressors that impact academic success and retention rates in higher education. We hypothesized that alienation variables, such as first-generation, identified disability, resource use, debt, race, and harassment barriers, including academic success and education level barriers, directly influenced a sense of belonging which in turn increases odds of lower retention or dropout rates. Our findings come from a unique dataset that captured a broad spectrum of LGBTQ+ identified students currently in higher education programs. We analyzed 164 quantitative responses and 74 qualitative responses from LGBTQ+ students in higher education across the United States. A logistic regression model was used on quantitative data alongside the thematic coding used to analyze open ended survey responses. Supporting existing literature, this paper finds that LGBTQ+ students retention rates are impacted by related and at times progressively related financial strain, alienation and discrimination, mental health, and access to desired programs. Calls to action to prevent alienation include integrated substantive anti-discrimination policies and mechanisms of accountability at all institutional levels and interventions that start from a place of difference rather than similarity.
  • Supporting High-Impact Learning: Student-Faculty Interactions and the Experiences of Students from Immigrant Families. .....Fanni Farago, George Mason University; Blake R. Silver, George Mason University
  • This presentation will explore findings from a study of student-faculty interactions for college students from immigrant families. Research demonstrates that sustained, positive student-faculty interactions are crucial to student success in higher education, and scholars are beginning to learn more about how faculty can foster these types of positive interactions. However, little is known about the experiences students from immigrant families have with these interactions. We draw from sociological perspectives and higher education research on high-impact practices to frame our study and the findings that emerged from interviews with 30 college students from immigrant families. These interviews were analyzed through a focused coding approach to develop a thematic understanding of participants’ experiences with student-faculty interactions. Our findings are relevant to instructors across a range of disciplines and institutions. Given the growing representation of students from immigrant families in higher education, it is crucial that faculty understand this student population and develop strategies for fostering positive student-faculty interactions for students from immigrant families.
  • Student Interpretations of First-Generation Identity. .....Blake R. Silver, George Mason University
  • Postsecondary institutions are beginning to think in new ways about how to support first-generation college students (FGCS), who are on track to be part of the first generation in their family to obtain a bachelor’s degree. As institutions come to better understand how students interpret their lived experiences on college campuses, they are better able to foster student success. Yet scholars have historically focused little attention on the complex ways FGCS interpret their identities. Drawing from interviews with 40 first-generation college students, the present study extends knowledge in that direction. Specifically, I ask: how do students make meaning of first-generation identities and experiences? Findings reveal that participants interpreted their first-generation identities and experiences in a diverse range of ways. Students described being FGCS as a source of (1) pride and motivation, (2) constraints, (3) community, and (4) marginalization. Students linked these perceptions to their lived experiences in college. Implications for postsecondary faculty and staff are discussed.
24. Gendered Framing of Work and Family [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Forum West (Hybrid)

Presider: Jessica W. Pardee, Rochester Institute of Technology
  • "Your Help Would Be a Blessing": The Stigma Surrounding Single Fatherhood and Financial Strain. .....Monica Bixby Radu, Southeast Missouri State University ; Kristen Sobba, Southeast Missouri State University; Songyon Shin, Southeast Missouri State University; Josh Shadwick, Southeast Missouri State University
  • Currently, there are two contrasting images of fathers in the U.S., one that stresses the importance of employment for men’s identity, including the centrality of breadwinning to men’s roles as fathers. The other emphasizes the importance of father-child closeness for children’s socialization and development, and the growing expectation for fathers to be involved in childrearing. Some men are committed to breaking traditional rules of masculinity and fatherhood, and as a result, there has been an emergence of more involved fathers. Yet, the structure of the workplace has changed at a slower pace, creating a clash between work and family expectations for men. Additionally, recent structural changes in the workplace and economy make breadwinning even more difficult for workers with children, particularly single parents. This study qualitatively explores single fathers’ experiences with financial constraints and the stigma surrounding asking for help. Findings suggest that family-friendly workplace policies may benefit all types of workers, particularly single parents who are engaged in low-paying work.
  • Examining University Family Leave Policies in the United States to Determine how They Frame Gender, Parenting, and Family. .....Faith Lynn Myers, Virginia Tech
  • The purpose of this study is to examine family leave polices across universities in the United States to determine to what degree they rely on traditional notions of motherhood and family. Conversations surrounding the lack of equitable and adequate family leave should be continued, but the inclusivity of current family leave policies warrants critical attention. The reliance on reproduction to define motherhood excludes individuals who cannot or choose not to give birth. This reliance also attaches mothering behaviors and norms to feminine bodies which works to reify gender inequalities. Using a qualitative content analysis of family leave policies from different universities, I will determine if and how they rely on aspects of physical birth, heteronormativity, and gendered language. The states chosen for analysis will be based on equality ratings from the Human Rights Campaign, specifically choosing states at differing levels of equality. By doing so, I can compare family leave policies across states that are or are not considered LGBTQ+ friendly. I hypothesize that universities housed in states with more progressive policies will have more inclusive family leave policies.
  • Love without Hugs: Childcare worker resilience and role strain during the COVID-19 pandemic. .....Jessica W. Pardee, Rochester Institute of Technology; Jennifer Schneider, Rochester Institute of Technology; Cindy Lam, Rochester Institute of Technology
  • Childcare providers are the rarely acknowledged critical infrastructure that keeps traditional frontline workers and first responders available to face a crisis. They care for, educate, love, and protect young children in the face of limitless evolving challenges. They are, in many ways, a model of resilience. Yet, in the context of COVID-19, childcare providers faced persistent role strain and even contradictory demands—to care for children whose families were in direct contact with the virus, while needing to manage their own vulnerability and health amid the risk the structure of their workplace created. In this context, this paper examines the question: Does resilience have limits? How can this simultaneous experience of resilience and role strain expand our conceptualization of such a core analytic construct? Data include surveys completed by childcare providers in the five-county metropolitan Rochester, NY region to understand the impacts of COVID-19 on their facilities between late September 2021 until mid-winter 2022.
25. Introduction to Sociology: A Mastery-Based Approach [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | International

Presider: Debra Campbell, Hawkes Learning
Learn about Hawkes Learning’s newest course, Introduction to Sociology, which takes a mastery-based approach to understanding the impactful ways that individuals and society shape one another. Explore the online software’s 3-step Learn, Practice, Certify path designed to aid in the development of students’ sociological imaginations and foster lasting knowledge through supplemental resources, intelligent tutoring features and more. Enter to win an Amazon Gift Card!
Registration & Help Desk
Friday | 8:00 am-4:00 pm | Promenade
26. Graduate Student Papers II [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Embassy East

Organizer: Nicola Davis Bivens, Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) - Charlotte, NC
Presider: Melencia Johnson, University of South Carolina Aiken
  • Self-Control Among Adolescents And Cyberbullying Victim/Offender Overlap. .....Md Golam Rabbani, Texas Tech University; Natasha Pusch, Texas Tech University
  • With continued dependence on ICTs in everyday life, cyberbullying has become a serious social issue that entails adolescents' physical, social, and mental well-being. While previous studies focused on low self-control and cybercrime, have found an association of low self-control with overall cybercrime offending and victimization, little has been known about the overlap of traditional and cyberbullying with respect to low self-control theory. This study draws on Gottfredson and Hirschi’s low self-control theory (also known as “A General Theory of Crime”) to assess the victim/offender overlap of traditional and cyberbullying. It uses data from the Arizona Youth Survey (AYS 2020), a survey of middle and high school students that is representative of the state of Arizona. Bivariate probit models are estimated to measure relationships between the victim/offender overlap and predictor variables consistent with low self-control theory. Building on prior research, several hypotheses are tested. H1: Adolescents who are more involved in traditional bullying will be more engaged in cyberbullying; H2: Adolescents who have higher self-control will be less involved in both traditional and cyberbullying; and H3: Adolescents who have higher self-control will be less engaged in cyberbullying. Implications for theory, research, and practice are discussed.
  • Parents' Beliefs about Religion and its place in their Child's Academic Achievement. .....Binda Khatri, Texas Tech University; Patricia Maloney, Texas Tech University
  • The relationship between religious adherence and academic success has been the subject of much research. It is challenging to judge a child's academic progress based on a single component (parental religiosity) because family religiosities also depend on other socioeconomic factors. However, this study looks at i) parents' attitudes regarding religion and encouraging their kids to practice it and ii) parents' perspectives on the relationship between religion and their kids' academic achievement. Snowball sampling is employed to collect data for this study; at least 24 parents of elementary school-aged children were interviewed. According to what we've found, religious parents think teaching their kids about religion and making them follow it is significant. It helps them to learn good behaviors such as listening to authority figures, helping friends, taking permission, etc, which will indirectly help them in school. In contrast, non-religious parents don't think religion has anything to do with academic success. Neither set of parents believes that religion has any direct bearing on academic success. The data, which are still being collected, demonstrate that religious people hold one belief and those, not religious hold another. Keywords: Academic Achievement, Children, Connection, Parental Religiosity
27. Hard Times, Profound Histories: Selected Women in the Civil Rights Movement [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Forum West (Hybrid)

Organizer: Keith Parker, National Education and Empowerment Coalition, Inc.
Presider: Keith Parker, National Education and Empowerment Coalition, Inc.
  • The Enduring Influence of Amelia Boynton Robinson: Civil Rights Activist and Matriarch of the Selma Voters Rights Movement. .....Keith Parker, National Education and Empowerment Coalition, Inc.
  • American history has been marked by persistent and determined efforts to expand the scope and inclusiveness of equal rights. Although equal rights for all were affirmed in the founding documents of the United States, many of the new country’s inhabitants were denied essential rights. Enslaved Africans and indentured servants did not have the inalienable right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” that British colonists asserted to justify their Declaration of Independence. Nor were they included among the “People of the United States” who established the Constitution in order to “promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity.” Despite the guarantees of equality affirmed in the founding documents of the United States, many states passed laws and codes denying Black people basic social and economic dignities. Yet, despite of the wrongs accorded Black people, Black Americans have endured and made astounding progress. One person synonymous with the courage, character, vision, determination, resilience and audacity to make the United States live up to goals put forth in the Declaration of Independence is Amelia Isadora Platts Boynton Robinson. MS. Robinson, an American activist was a leader of the Voting and Civil Rights Movements in Selma, Alabama and a key figure in the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches. In 1984, she became founding vice-president of the Schiller Institute and 1990 she was awarded the Martin Luther King Jr. Freedom Medal.
  • Beauty, Motherhood, and Erasure: The Distorted Social Memory of Diane Nash. .....Dr. Hollie A. Teague, Independent Scholar
  • Diane Nash was a major force in the Civil Rights Movement of the early 1960s, helping lead the Nashville sit-ins in 1960, organizing the continuation of the Freedom Rides in 1961, advocating for the jail-no-bail strategy in 1962 by facing time in a Mississippi prison while pregnant, and conceptualizing the voting rights campaign that culminated in Selma in 1965. Yet, she is too rarely remembered among “the greats.” This study examines how the physical beauty of Diane Nash has been overly-emphasized by historians and Nash’s contemporaries in the Civil Rights Movement. That emphasis has been used to marginalize Nash and her rightful place in American history. Likewise, Nash deployed the rhetoric of motherhood in her fight for human rights but that same rhetoric has been used by historians and other scholars to minimize her complex political thought, especially as it concerns the jail-no-bail strategy. Though Nashville has a plaza named after Nash and a previously-destroyed plaque is on display at Fisk University, most Americans are unfamiliar with her. This study, which is part of a larger work focusing on the life and legacy of Diane Nash, seeks to investigate the formation and maintenance of flawed social memories concerning women activists.
  • The Effects of the Civil Rights Movement on the Mental Health of Black Elders. .....Kristie Perry, Southern University and A&M College; Linda Fontenot, Grand Canyon University; Thomas Durant, Louisiana State University; Alma Thornton, Jackson State University; Jeton McClinton, Jackson State University; Joseph Stevenson, University of the Virgin Island; Frances Staten, Grambling State University Department of Sociology/Psychology /PI Gamma Mu Honor Society
  • Authors: Kristie Perry, Ph.D., Linda Fontenot, Ph.D. Thomas Durant, Ph.D., Alma Thornton, Ph.D., Jeton McClinton, Ph.D., Joseph Stevenson, Ph.D., and Frances Staten, Ph.D. Abstract While much is known about the social, political and physical effects of the Civil Rights Movement, little research has been conducted on the mental health consequences for African Americans. Researchers conducted a qualitative study on how civil rights events and activities impacted the mental and emotional health of African American elders (boomers and pre-boomers) who resided in the southern states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee. Preliminary findings based on responses of participants indicate that civil rights events and activities produced a variety of mental health effects, including, isolation, discrimination, fear, anxiety, anger, and deprivation. Presenters will discuss the implications of the impact of civil rights abuses on health conditions of the participants, including heart disease, hypertension, stroke, psychological complexes, displaced aggression, behavior disorders, and emotional disorders. Researchers will also address how social support systems can help mitigate the negative mental health effects of participation in civil rights events. The need for therapeutic treatment of the negative effects of participation in civil rights activities and the need for additional applied and social action research will be discussed.
  • Black Studies Versus the Study of Blacks: Reexamining the Role of the Negro Question in Eurocentric Curriculum Development. .....Fredrick Douglass Dixon, University of Wyoming
  • During the height of the Black Power movement, sociologist, psychologist, and one of the seminal founders of Black Studies, Dr. Nathan Hare, explained, "We come now to the most crucial stage in the struggle for black studies (Hare, 1970)." It is more than apropos that Dr. Hare's warning reemerges as a salient point of reference in 2022. Using the Hare interpretive lens via a case study, this presentation centers on using the Negro question from the first Mohonk Conference of 1890 as a methodological framework to integrate non-normative approaches, ideas, and paradigms against traditional analysis methods to challenge the hegemony associated with the Western curriculum. This research places at odds two contemporary terms, black studies, and the study of blacks, to provide a contextual analysis of the layered nuances of how privilege and oppression represent social control mechanisms, perpetuate racism, uphold America’s status quo, and thus undermine the field of Black Studies. Utilizing the Socratic method positions this presentation to capture the phenomenon and engage the audience in an interactive presentation that poses fundamental questions concerning the academic and social relevancy of Black Studies amidst a rising tide of white nationalism. It is expected that diverse participant populations will extract a more comprehensive understanding of the complex nexus between Black Studies, contemporary Eurocentric curriculum development, and classroom instruction.
28. Applied Sociology and Public Policy - Sponsored by the Committee on the Profession [Roundtable]
Friday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | International

Organizer: Andrea Nicole Hunt, University of North Alabama
Presider: Andrea Nicole Hunt, University of North Alabama
In recent years, there has been increased attention to the relevance and importance of sociological practice in a variety of business, government, non-profit, and community settings. Sociological expertise is applied to community advocacy, policy analysis and development, program planning and evaluation, and systems analysis, to name a few areas of application. This panel designed to bring together scholars who are engaged in sociological practice. Panelists may address sociological practice from diverse perspectives, including examples of community-based projects, the influence of sociology on public policy, the future of sociological practice, social activism, and program evaluations.
29. Uplifting Marginalized Students and Colleagues with Thoughtful Mentoring [Panel]
Friday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Alexandra Catherine Hayes Nowakowski, Florida State University College of Medicine
Presider: Alexandra Catherine Hayes Nowakowski, Florida State University College of Medicine
This panel gives participants the opportunity to share experiences, insights, and recommendations for building meaningful and affirming mentoring relationships supporting marginalized sociologists. For this session, we are selecting panelists with diverse lived experiences and mentorship histories. We also encourage panelists to incorporate discussion of how their teaching and research activities intersect with their mentoring work and other service. Each participant will talk for roughly five minutes about their own experiences providing and receiving mentorship, and share their unique tips and recommendations for attendees. We will then open the panel up for audience questions and broader discussion. Participants are encouraged to share suggestions and resources for learning about affirming mentorship, tell stories about how they have supported others with mentoring and/or benefited from mentoring themselves, and of course ask questions of one another!

  • Verna Keith, University of Alabama-Birmingham;
  • Brittny James, Independent Scholar;
  • Baker Rogers, Georgia Southern University;
  • Byron Miller, University of South Florida;
  • Nik Lampe, Vanderbilt University;
30. Film - Fontana Lake: Broken Promises, Delayed Resolution
Friday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Embassy West

Organizer: Hugh Floyd, Samford University
  • Hugh Floyd, Samford University;
31. Undergraduate Research I [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | Embassy East

Organizer: Melencia Johnson, University of South Carolina Aiken
Presider: Melencia Johnson, University of South Carolina Aiken
  • Individuals with Bipolar Disorder as a Social Group. .....Keelie Skye Lindsey, Troy University
  • This paper will examine those who have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder as a deviant group. For this project, a deviant group is defined as those who fall outside what is typical within the general population. This project aims to examine the experiences of individuals with bipolar disorder, such as personal feelings, life events, and interactions. Using Reddit, a social media platform where users can anonymously interact and post, the sample was pulled from posts under the subreddit r/Bipolar. The posts were filtered to the flair “99 problems/rant/story” and sorted by the most relevant. Under this flair, the posts were selected through systematic random sampling, selecting every 5th post. These individuals reported imposter syndrome, feeling like a burden, and not being taken seriously by doctors. This community was also very encouraging to one another, even sharing comments to motivate the original posters. Due to the sample size and source, findings are not necessarily representative of the general population of individuals with bipolar disorder. Despite this lack of generalizability, these feelings are genuine and shared by several people affected by bipolar disorder. These findings may serve as a framework for future research on those with bipolar disorder as a social group.
  • "Fight Poverty Not The Poor". .....Kiya Rayne Simmons, UT Martin
  • This paper demonstrates a real-life use of the knowledge obtained from a class on social movements at the University of Tennessee at Martin. On December 10th, 2021 a devastating tornado hit the town of Dresden, Tennessee, destroying the homes and businesses of many within the community. The mayor of Dresden provided a troubling statement in response to the wreckage left by the tornado sparking a local social movement titled Fight Poverty Not The Poor. The movement used many tools and tactics from the social movement class and gained inspiration from the free speech movement of the 1960s. It was the use of these tools and tactics that ultimately led to the success of the Fight Poverty Not The Poor movement, meeting each of the movement's predetermined goals.
  • Barbie Jeep Race. .....Carrie Kaitlyn Watts, Troy University
  • In my sociology of sport class, I was assigned to go and observe a live sporting event in person. My goal was to do something different, so I took a trip to Andalusia, Alabama to attend the monsters downhill barbie jeep race at Boggs and Boulders. The goal of the project was to be able to apply what we learned in class to what we are actually seeing at these sporting events. I was able to observe different demographics, gender, age and class among the audience and the people competing. Barbie jeep races aren’t well known so I was curious to see if this sport had a chance of growing to become a more popular sport. The monsters downhill power wheels race was free to enter as a contestant, but to get into the actually mud park itself was about sixty dollars a person. The place was packed out with thousands of people waiting to watch the event. All of the contestants when white men except for one Vietnamese male who competed also. Most of the crowd was white, but it did vary a little. Even though it is free to enter the race there are high cash prizes at stake. The demographics consist of middle-class people and most of the rides were modified. What makes this sport important is the fact that it is predominantly a middle and lower class sport even though it takes money to build these big ATV’s to ride around in at the mud parks.
  • Reality of Research: Exploring the Role and Responsibilities of an Undergraduate Research Assistant. .....Sophia Mae Roberts, Middle Tennessee State University
  • Many sociology programs promote the value of undergraduate research experiences to introduce students to new methods, nurture professional relationships, and to inspire professional career aspirations in sociological research. After my experience last summer as a research assistant at Middle Tennessee State University, I join in the choir of supporting the value behind these opportunities. I will use this presentation to explain why my undergraduate peers should participate in a similar experience—with attention to mentorship, new skills, and insight into the research process—and what undergraduate research experiences typically involve, including data collection and analysis. After discussing how to find and prepare for undergraduate research opportunities, I will draw from my own experience as an undergraduate research assistant for a community-engaged project as a case study to explore the many ways this opportunity added breadth and depth to my sociology coursework and preparation for my future career.
32. Systemic Racism, Resilience, and Health Disparities [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Ryan D. Talbert, University of Connecticut
Presider: Ryan D. Talbert, University of Connecticut
  • Incarceration and Mental Health among Cuban, Mexican, and Puerto Rican Adults in the U.S.. .....Jade Kimi Rivera, University of Connecticut; Ryan D. Talbert, University of Connecticut
  • Despite the growing literature documenting spillover consequences of the criminal legal system, little research has examined the experiences. Latinx populations. Moreover, few studies have examined associations between legal confinement and mental health among Cubans, Mexicans, and Puerto Ricans in the United States. This study extends elements of the Stress Process Model and Tri-Racial Stratification theory to examine the associations between former incarceration status and three indicators of mental health status–psychological distress, clinical diagnoses of mental illness, and self-reported mental health status–among a nationally representative sample of Cuban, Mexican, and Puerto Rican adults from multivariable models. Data analyzed from the National Latino and Asian American Survey shows that Puerto Rican adults experience extensive mental health consequences tied to former incarceration followed by Mexican adults. On average, Cuban adults who have former incarceration experience do not do not experience significantly poorer mental health than their counterparts that have. This study adds to research on the criminal legal system by showing that the spillover mental health consequences of mass incarceration unevenly impact Latinx adults depending on mental health inventory and subgroup identification. Groups more often racialized as Black, according to Tri-Racial Stratification, often experience greater mental health consequences resulting from incarceration.
  • Personal Incarceration, Familial Imprisonment, and the Racialized Self-Concept Among Black Men and Women. .....Brianna Faith Monte, University of Connecticut; Ryan D. Talbert, University of Connecticut
  • Incarceration is an all-too-common occurrence for Black men according to existing studies, and forces Black women to experience the imprisonment of family members. Despite this injustice, few studies have examined how this “common” experience shapes the identity and sense of self in affected individuals. This paper extends tenets of the reflected appraisal process to examine the association between incarceration and the racialized self-concept among Black men and women using data from the National Survey of American Life (n=2,975). We regress four mutually exclusive categories of incarceration status including none, personal incarceration, familial incarceration, and both personal and familial incarceration onto four important indices of the racialized self-concept including sense of mastery, self-esteem, closeness to one’s racial group, and racial in-group evaluation. Results showed that incarceration experience is associated with lower levels of mastery, racial closeness, and positive group evaluation among African American and Afro-Caribbean men and women. Moreover, the lasting impacts of personal incarceration are more consequential for Caribbean populations while family-member incarceration tends to disproportionately harm men. This study extends structure and personality research to show how the criminal legal system can impact views of oneself, and that this process is influenced in part by gender and ethnic status.
  • Former Incarceration, Time Served, and Oral Health among African American Women and Men. .....Emma Macy, University of Connecticut; Ryan D. Talbert, University of Connecticut
  • A large body of research has documented the far-reaching health consequences of mass incarceration in the United States. Yet, less scholarship has examined the relationship between former incarceration and oral health, a key reflection of health and disease occurring within the rest of the body. Using data extracted from the National Survey of American Life (n=3,343), this study examines associations between former incarceration status, duration of detention, and self-reported oral health among African American women and men. Results from gender-stratified ordered logistic models reveal that formerly incarcerated African American men and women experience significantly poorer oral health than their never incarcerated counterparts even after controlling for important social determinants of health. Furthermore, oral health is curvilinearly associated with the length of time that men are incarcerated such that odds of poor oral health tend to decrease as detention duration increases up to a point at which odds of poor are highest for men with the most years of incarceration. Findings extend research identifying gendered spillover health consequences of contact with the criminal legal system. Health professionals and policymakers should be conscious of incarceration as an important deleterious experience for the immediate and long term condition of people’s teeth, mouth, and gums.
  • Pulmonary Circulatory Outcomes: The Impact of Courthouse Confederate Monuments on African American Adults. .....Ryan D. Talbert, University of Connecticut; Jasmine L. Aboumahboob, University of Connecticut
  • Multiple historically significant events have increased attention on Confederate monuments, but little research has investigated their potential health consequences. This study uses social stress theory and the life course perspective to examine associations between the presence of courthouse Confederate monuments and pulmonary circulatory health among African American adults. Data for this study come from the Southern Poverty Law Center’s (SPLC) census of monuments and the National Survey of American Life (n=3,417), a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. Self-reported health outcomes including hypertension, diabetes, heart trouble, circulation problems, asthma, and stroke were examined. After adjusting for important risk factors, results from gender-stratified logistic regressions reveal that age modifies associations between residing in a county with a Confederate monument on courthouse grounds and women’s odds of hypertension, diabetes, and asthma. For African American men, age modifies associations between monument presence and odds of heart trouble and stroke. Aging in spaces with Confederate monuments is generally though counterintuitively associated with reduced likelihood of developing circulatory conditions. Findings from this study demonstrate that stress generated by Confederate monuments have large implications for racial health disparities and highlight the resiliency and resourcefulness among African Americans in the face of white supremacy.
33. Immigration [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | Forum West (Hybrid)

Organizer: Erin L Rider, Jacksonville State University
Presider: Erin L Rider, Jacksonville State University
  • Does Spatial Assimilation Work for Middle Eastern and North African immigrants in the United States?. .....Sevsem Cicek-Okay, Niagara University
  • In this study I estimate levels and predictors of residential segregation for Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) immigrants in 2000 and 2016 in U.S. metropolitan areas. I compare these levels and predictors with those for South and East Asians, who share some similarities including high socioeconomic status to the MENA population but (with the notable exception of South Asian Sikhs) may not have suffered the same degree of stigma and discrimination in the post-9/11 period. I calculate difference in difference estimates to assess the extent to which changes in segregation and its predictors from pre- to post-9/11 were different for the MENA population versus the two comparison groups. In so doing, I provide an indirect test of the “context of reception” explanation for spatial assimilation patterns in the United States. My findings indicate that on average, East Asians are least segregated, followed by the MENA and the South Asian populations. Although segregation increased for all three groups during the post-9/11 period, South Asians became more segregated than the MENA and East Asian populations. Multivariate analyses reveal that the relationships between residential segregation, acculturation and SES characteristics vary by immigrant group, and often not in accordance with the predictions of spatial assimilation theory.
  • Barriers and strategies: Managing care for migrants in Turkey. .....Alaz Kilicaslan, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater
  • This study looks at the moral economy of immigration in Turkey with a specific lens on migrants’ access to healthcare. Turkey, in addition to currently hosting the largest number of refugees in the world—including over 4 million Syrians— is witnessing an influx of migrants from various parts of the world, such as sub-Saharan Africa, and South and Central Asia. While some of these immigrants reside in Turkey only temporarily on their way to European countries, many others are settled and engage in taxed or untaxed work activities such as shuttle trade, street vending or opening their own businesses. These individuals are disadvantaged in accessing healthcare services due to factors including lack of insurance coverage, high prices, and cases of discrimination by healthcare providers. By drawing on data I collected through interviews and ethnographic fieldwork in Istanbul, Turkey between 2019 and 2022, I examine how medical providers, volunteers, and migrants navigate the complexities of healthcare system and how migrants’ racial, ethnic, and religious identities impact their access. I show that immigrants organize their healthcare through what I call ‘shadow health’: collaboration between migrant individuals/communities and NGOs, charities, and volunteering physicians, which involves provision of unregulated/undocumented care in private and public facilities.
  • Re-skilled and Integrated? But, how? Examining Conceptual Challenges in the Literature from the Standpoint of Highly Educated Turkish Migrants. .....Erin L Rider, Jacksonville State University; Cihan Aydiner, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
  • This presentation focuses on the economic assimilation of highly educated Turkish migrants and the process in which they can become re-educated and/or re-certified in a former or new field in order to regain their professional status. Based on mixed methods research, we have examined the experiences of highly educated Turkish people in recently forced migration flows. The literature presents some conceptual challenges related to how immigrants are classified, their perceived value as workers in a host country, and the degree of economic assimilation. This presentation will utilize data on exiled Turkish migrants to examine the forced component of their migration, the degree in which their educational and professional skills are transferrable, and also if they incur a long-term earnings gap. Preliminary findings will be shared and comments on policy reform to support a fast-track immigration model will be discussed.
34. Thematic Session: Building Power in the South - Black Nashville Assembly [Workshop]
Friday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | International

Organizer: Marcus Brooks, Western Kentucky University
Presider: Marcus Brooks, Western Kentucky University

  • Erica Perry, Black Nashville Assembly;
  • Jamel Gooch, Black Nashville Assembly;
35. AKD Mentoring Session [Workshop]
Friday | 12:30 pm-1:30 pm | Forum East (Hybrid)
Committee on Racial and Ethnic Minorities Lunch
Friday | 12:30 pm-1:30 pm | Grand Ballroom East
36. Criminology: Correctional Systems [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 1:45 pm-3:00 pm | Embassy West

Organizer: Meredith Huey Dye, Middle Tennessee State University
Presider: David C. May, Mississippi State University
  • Overworked and Undercompensated: An Analysis of the Attitudes a College Population has on Incarcerated Individuals and Prison Labor in the United States.. .....Kasey Marie Bowe, Middle Tennessee State University
  • Little is known about the opinions of the general public when it comes to the United States’ incarcerated population. Even less in known regarding the public’s opinions on employment and working conditions within our nation’s prisons. This study will gather the opinions of a randomized group of students from a local college campus in an attempt to understand their current level of knowledge of the innerworkings within a typical prison, in addition to gathering their attitudes towards incarcerated people in general. I hope to gain a better perspective on how our nation’s incarcerated population is viewed by the general public in terms of value as a person and value as a worker. Within the survey conducted, the key questions being explored are: To what extent does the public believe people convicted of a crime should be required to work during their incarceration? If so, what type of work? And to what extent does the public believe that incarcerated workers should be paid for the work that they do? If so, how much?
  • I'm New and Improved So I Won't Come Back: The Impact of Program Participation on Perceived Likelihood of Recidivism among Inmates. .....David C. May, Mississippi State University; Stacy Haynes, Mississippi State University; Ada Spencer, Mississippi Department of Corrections
  • Each year, Corrections Departments in the United States spend millions of dollars providing treatment programs to inmates while they are incarcerated. The goal of these programs is to improve the lives of program participants by giving them new tools that will make them more successful and less likely to recidivate upon their release from incarceration. Nevertheless, little research examines the effectiveness of these programs and even less research compares different types of programs to determine if one is more successful than another in reducing recidivism. Using data from a sample of approximately 700 inmates incarcerated in a Southern state, we examine two research questions. First, are inmates who have participated in programs more likely to believe they won’t recidivate when they are released than inmates who have not participated in programs? Second, are inmates that have participated in treatment programs less likely to believe they will recidivate than those participating in vocational and other types of programs. Implications for policy and future research are discussed.
  • Using a Life History Approach to Understand Post-Incarceration Status Inconsistency. .....Lori Farney, Middle Tennessee State University; Meredith Huey Dye, Middle Tennessee State University; Ron Aday, Middle Tennessee State University
  • There has been an increase in research examining the reentry of women released from long prison sentences. Some studies examine status inconsistencies that arise when mothers attempt to reunify with their children. Much of this research emphasizes the inmate’s adult experiences. This focus, however, overlooks events in childhood and adolescence that began the life-trajectory and affected coping skills. The purpose of this case study is to provide the life history of Elizabeth Smith—who served 25 years in prison for killing her abusive husband. The narrative describes her childhood experiences with physical, emotional, and sexual abuse which led to poor choices as a teen and young woman. Additionally, it is an account of a mother of five who fought to keep her family together—even while incarcerated. An examination of her entire life reveals status inconsistencies as she transitioned from childhood to motherhood, from motherhood to incarceration, and from incarceration to reentry. During her reintegration, she has struggled to regain the master status of mother, but she has found “ex-convict” to be her new, true master status.
37. Critical Sociology: Applied Approaches [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 1:45 pm-3:00 pm | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Harry F. Dahms, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Presider: Harry F. Dahms, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Perpetual Burnout: Critical Theory and the Failures of the Mental Health Revolution. .....Joel Crombez, Kennesaw State University
  • Since the 1980s and the publication of the DSM-III, the psychological sciences and the psychiatric professions have jettisoned critical intersubjective reflection and causal narratives in favor of a supposedly atheoretical and biomedically oriented foundation for researching and treating mental health. As psychopharmacological treatments dispensed by medical, rather than mental, health professionals became the new norm, rates of mental distress across age ranges, racial and ethnic backgrounds, genders, and wealth distributions, have steadily risen. Focusing on treating symptoms rather than causes has meant a system in which mental distress is either repressed or downplayed as part of an atemporal strategy to prolong the current status quo be it in the individual’s own life or that of society at large. Addressing causes requires a different approach to our temporal orientation, one that is central to the operational core of critical theory. In this paper, I discuss the history of how mental health care got to this point, why the model has failed on scientific grounds, and provide an argument in favor of a scientific approach to mental well-being that is rooted in critical theory.
  • Universal Basic Income, Social Justice, and Marginality: A Critical Evaluation. .....Knowles Anthony J., University of Tennessee-Knoxville
  • Struggles for economic justice have historically centered around the fight for jobs and higher wages, but Universal Basic Income (UBI) seeks to distribute wealth outside of labor by giving every citizen an unconditional and universal minimum income. This paper critically assesses the policy of UBI as an alternative method for achieving social and economic justice and asks what ought to be taken into consideration and addressed before the first practical implementation of UBI on a broad scale? Three issues are outlined: UBI in relation to histories of oppression and the danger of a “Neoliberal Universal Basic Income,” UBI and the issues of citizenship, border imperialism, and social solidarity, and how UBI could affect the carceral system and the incarcerated. The subsequent section theorizes what a “socially just” UBI might look like if it was designed to confront these challenges. The essay concludes by arguing that it is important to reflect on what constitutes justice and engaging in honest assessments of policies like UBI that run the risk of reproducing precarity and inequality if not explicitly crafted with the needs of marginalized communities in mind.
  • Towards a Critical Theory of Artificial Intelligence: Hyper-Intelligence in Science-Fiction Films. .....Harry F. Dahms, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Classical and critical social theories (esp. Marx, Durkheim, Weber, early Frankfurt School) and certain science-fiction films (e.g., Colossus, The Matrix) highlight the darker side of modern societies in the machine age by scrutinizing their reliance on hyper-intelligence. In social theories, capital is treated as a hyper-intelligence that imposes its truncating logic on everything existing; in science-fiction films, hyper-intelligence originates from narrowly tasked, increasingly powerful AI systems. Hyper-intelligence emerges from efforts to enhance the quality of human lives within existing sociohistorical circumstances, without critically reflecting on their regressive nature. As an unintended consequence, hyper-intelligence is characterized by violently reducing the multi-dimensionality of human existence, subverting human agency and autonomy, replicating or amplifying regressive aspects of modern societies within the field of tensions between relations of production and forces of production that co-emerged with industrialization and the capitalist mode of production, and thwarting humans’ ability to pursue reasonable solutions to persistent problems.
  • Abolitionist vs. Reformist Approaches to Farmageddon: Is There a Realistic Way Forward?. .....Nadya Vera, University of Tennessee-Knoxville
  • Without considering the billions of animals slaughtered for human consumption each year, the industrial model of animal agriculture has been linked to numerous social and environmental harms. According to a 2006 United Nations report, the livestock sector is one of the three greatest contributors to devastating environmental problems at every level, from the local to the global. The negative effects of climate change are monumental in scale and will shortly be affecting the entire planet, yet there is no reduction—much less end—to the industrialized model of animal agriculture in sight. This presentation maps the theoretical landscape between the abolitionist and reformist approaches to “factory farming” for the twenty-first century and (hopefully) beyond.
38. Research in Higher Education [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 1:45 pm-3:00 pm | Forum West (Hybrid)

Presider: Justin A. Martin, University of Tennessee at Martin
  • Public Higher Education in the U.S.: The Road not Taken and the Road We’re On. .....Aaron Rowland, University of Tennessee at Martin
  • In this essay, I present a vision of what a public higher education could/should be in an affluent, democratic society: one based in liberal arts and sciences, with the goal of enhancing individual citizens’ intellects; and one that is subsidized by the public through state government funding. I contrast this type of education with a “useful” (i.e. vocational) education and discuss why they are different even though they can coexist in an undergraduate program. After a brief historical tour of the development of the state university system in the U.S., I discuss the current state of public higher education and the large array of societal, cultural, and political barriers to fulfilling its potential of enhancing students’ intellect.
  • College Students' Understandings of the Individual and Society. .....Blake R. Silver, George Mason University
  • Knowledge about how students’ dispositions and ways of thinking are shaped by higher education has expanded rapidly in recent years. To date, however, scholars have paid little attention to the ways college students come to interpret the relationship between the individual and society. Drawing from ethnographic interviews with 104 college students, this study examined how participants described relationships between the individual and society. Findings indicate that most students came to understand the world in ways that were in conflict with the sociological imagination and other related concepts. The perspectives that emerged varied by socioeconomic status and are likely to contribute to the reproduction of inequality. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
  • A Qualitative Study of the Impact of COVID-19 on Faculty in the Institution of Higher Education. .....Jazia Thorn, Southern University and A&M College; Janeice Allen, Southern University and A&M College; Vanessa Brown, Southern University and A&M College
  • During the Covid-19 pandemic, many institutions of higher learning were unprepared for widespread school closures, rapidly transition to online learning platform, and implement environmental safety protocols. In particular, teachers with limited technology training encountered difficulty in course content delivery, mastering rapidly changing technology, and needs of increasingly isolated and academically challenged students. This problem was exacerbated in small poorly funded institutions of higher education. This study examines the influence of COVID-19 on (1) the social and emotional wellbeing of faculty, (2) level of student engagement and, (3) level of support provided by the institution. The study employs a qualitative methodology examining the lived experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic of ten faculty members. An in depth, 60-90 minute interview was conducted with each study participant.
  • Screw it. I’m done.: Professors’ Framing of the Profession as Posted on an Internet Forum.. .....Justin A. Martin, University of Tennessee at Martin; Cale Emery, University of Tennessee-Martin
  • In this paper, we examine the framing of the profession in higher education as defined by professors on a popular Internet forum. We analyze almost one thousand posts from June of this year to the present to construct an understanding of professors’ experiences within bureaucracies, dealing with students, colleagues, and administrators. Preliminary findings show that, while some are posting on the forum seeking general advice on pedagogy or their careers, many are expressing frustration about the state of the profession. Using frame analysis (Goffman 1974) as a guide, we employ grounded theory techniques to develop a systematic understanding of what many of us take as a given: being a professor is difficult on many levels and from many fronts. From the commonplace complaints about students, to disagreements with administrators on the direction of higher education, to stories of leaving the academy described as the end of a bad relationship, we find frustration, disappointment, and, sometimes, humor.
39. Student Poster Session [Poster Session]
Friday | 1:45 pm-3:00 pm | International

Organizer: Ashraf Esmail, Dillard University
  • The Mental Effects of Teen Dating Violence. .....Myla Thomas, Dillard University
  • The Relevance of Historically Black Colleges and Universities. .....Spencer Jones, Dillard University
  • Effects of Trauma on Borderline Personality Disorder and its Development in Children. .....Trinity Alexander, Dillard University
  • Wrongful Convictions and Race. .....Taylor Dewitt, Dillard University
  • Potential Power Conflict in the Workplace. .....Cassaundra Batiste, Dillard University
  • The Effects of Social Media Use on College Students. .....Chasity Washington, Dillard University
  • How does mass incarceration impact juvenile African American boys?. .....Jaylah Richie, Dillard University
  • The Importance of Therapy/Counseling Within Schools and Juvenile Justice Facilities. .....Sydney Cummings, Dillard University
  • What are the understudied areas of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)?. .....Kailynn Hart, Dillard University
  • Mental Effects of Police Brutality in the African American Community. .....BreOn Perkins, Dillard University
  • Various Forms of Violence in the Home. .....Jacob Bush, Dillard University
  • Misinformed: Applying the Demarcation Problem to Flat-Earthism. .....Abraham Bear Neis-Eldridge, East Tennessee State University
  • Flat-Earthism, while often disregarded outright, is emblematic of the growing crisis of misinformation in the modern, internet enabled world. Pseudoscience has always been a component of human societies, but particularly since the advent of the internet, pseudoscience has grown in prominence, and so too have its social costs. Most recently, the far reach and constant refrain of pseudoscience on social media has had disastrous consequences involving the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as in the fight to preserve women’s bodily autonomy and legal protections for the LGBTQIA+ community. Although documenting the effects of pseudoscience has been an interdisciplinary endeavor, it remains enigmatic on how best to empower individuals to identify and disregard pseudoscience in real time and without relevant formal training. This research seeks to explore whether philosophical argument structure and the Demarcation problem may be an apt guide for laypersons to recognize pseudoscience, and uses Flat-Earthism as a model for determining the efficacy of this approach. The Demarcation problem has contributed to developing scientific inquiry for over 2000 years, and still informs the intellectual bedrock of positivism and epistemology today. It is reducible, however, and may promise an approachable method for the public to defend themselves against pseudoscience across contexts.
  • Addressing the History of White Fear and White Spaces: A Comparison of Erwin, TN and Montgomery, AL. .....Amyre Cain, East Tennessee State University (Johnson City, TN); Candace Bright, East Tennessee State University
  • Abstract. Communities across the US have historically sought to increase white spaces that allow racism and other racial issues to exist. Sundown Towns, for example, originated between 1865 and the 1930s. After Blacks became free from enslavement, White fear increased due to the loss of power. White citizens would force Black residents off their land and systematically exclude Black travelers and other people of color whenever the sun went down. Specifically, Black residents were forced off of their land by White mobs. In my research, I have examined through a qualitative case study how Erwin, Tennessee has publicly addressed White supremacy and racial inequality. My methodology for this research consisted of interviewing seven individuals in Erwin who played a key role within the community and are local historians. As a comparison, I visited and documented sites of racial and national importance in Montgomery, Alabama to better understand how racism can be publicly acknowledged. In strengthening the historical understanding of Erwin in comparison to Montgomery, I conclude with a discussion of possibilities for building relationships between the Black and White communities in the American South.
  • Determinants of Work Satisfaction: An Analysis of Organizational Climate and Job Characteristics. .....Luke Scott Blanton, East Tennessee State University
  • Over decades of investigation, work satisfaction has been associated with positive outcomes for employees and employers alike. Still, relatively little is known about how organizational climate interacts with demographic variables and the nature of the job itself, and how work satisfaction is impacted by the confluence of these variables. This research seeks to examine these factors, and to analyze the determinants of work satisfaction by performing ordinal logistic regression analysis using data from the 2018 General Social Survey. Building on previous research regarding the relationship between organizational climate and work satisfaction, I hypothesize that feeling respected at work and reported good relationships between managers and employees will have a positive effect on work satisfaction. Further, I hypothesize that the specific job attributes of mandatory overtime and high levels of physical effort will have a negative effect on work satisfaction. My analysis supports the former hypothesis, but not the latter. This indicates the importance of building and maintaining positive relationships in the workplace irrespective of the type of work being performed. Due to the importance of work satisfaction for employee performance, retention, and quality of life, this research carries critical implications for managerial practices and policies.
40. Undergraduate Research II [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 3:15 pm-4:30 pm | Embassy East

Organizer: Theresa Clare Davidson, Samford University
Presider: Theresa Clare Davidson, Samford University
  • Religion and a Consistent Life Ethic: An Analysis of the Influence of Religion on Public Opinion of Abortion and Capital Punishment. .....Ryan Center, Samford University
  • Abortion and capital punishment tend to be controversial issues with a variety of factors influencing public opinion. This study examines the influence of religion and religiosity on abortion and capital punishment. Using data from the 2018 General Social Survey, results indicate that religiosity affects opinions on abortion but less so the issue of capital punishment.
  • The Influence of Individualism and Meritocracy on Preferences for Freedom. .....Lauren Molander, Samford University
  • In this paper I argue that notions of individualism and meritocracy predict one’s preference for freedom over equality in the United States. My hypothesis is informed by frameworks such as democracy and neoliberalism, which help to explain how freedom is institutionalized in the government and economy. Theoretical frameworks such as positive vs. negative freedom and Durkheim’s anomie theory support the individualistic way in which U.S. society functions. Analyzing data from the World Values Survey, results show that factors of individualism and meritocracy do predict preferences for freedom. In addition, being White and identifying as Republican significantly predict preferences for freedom over equality.
  • Race & Neighborhoods: Residential Segregation, Gentrification, and Neighborhood Preferences. .....Mary-Mitchell Tucker, Samford University
  • Inspired by the trend of gentrification, I examine the factors that shape the likelihood of living in a diverse neighborhood. I hypothesized that racial bias, beliefs about Black people getting government aid, and beliefs about the role of government to improve living standards would predict diversity of one’s neighborhood. Using data from the General Social Survey, I find that my hypotheses are partially supported. Importantly, where one lives is shaped by racial bias.
41. Multiple Marginalized Identities in Higher Education: Research on Student Outcomes [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 3:15 pm-4:30 pm | Embassy West

Presider: Kristie Perry, Southern University and A&M College
  • The Impact of Covid-19 on Academic Performance and Feelings of Support on College Students: An Exploratory study.. .....Kenneth Allen, Southern University and A&M College; Anahya Bailey, Southern University and A&M College; Jashun Richardson, Southern University and A&M College
  • Covid-19 caused widespread disruptions in systems of higher education. Research suggests that the rapid adoption of virtual learning platforms negatively impacted the academic performance of college students. This exploratory study examines the influences of demographic factors on academic performance and feelings of support. Factors assessed were age, sex, classification, and feelings of support. We believe these factors are associated with academic performance during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using a non-experimental comparative design, a structured questionnaire was administered to a sample of college students. The study examined whether women performed better academically than men, older students perform better academically than younger students, and higher classified students (90 hours and above) perform better than lower classified students (less than 60 hours).
  • The Influence of Academic Engagement on Student Success. .....Jameracle Rogers, Southern University and A&M College
  • Much research has focused on the academic success of the limited resourced college student. In some institutions the six-year graduation rate is less than 25%. Often students encounter barriers restricting persistence to graduation. This study examines the influence of student and family background, academic engagement, and student engagement on academic success of college students. The study surveyed 50 graduating seniors from a Historically Black College. Using an anti-deficient model, the study will examine characteristics of successful limited resourced students.
42. Critical Sociology: Theoretical Approaches [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 3:15 pm-4:30 pm | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Harry F. Dahms, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Presider: Harry F. Dahms, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Freedom and Heteronomy in the Anthropocene. .....Alexander Stoner, Northern Michigan University
  • The concept of the Anthropocene reflects a particular meaning of the “human” as it exists in society, and a specific understanding of “freedom,” which only became possible at the close of the twentieth century. Whereas Enlightenment thinkers (e.g., Kant, Rousseau, and Adam Smith) attempted to grasp the potential for humanity to be changed through “society” in a self-conscious process of freedom, the “Age of Man” today appears entirely disconnected from human agency. Indeed, the Anthropocene is associated not with the flourishing of life but with the sixth mass extinction. Drawing insight from classical and contemporary critical theory, this paper seeks to explicate the emancipatory potential within the concept of the Anthropocene, and the ways in which this potential is blocked by material circumstances that masquerade as “freedom.”
  • In Search of "the Social": The Neoliberal Social-Media Threat. .....Harry F. Dahms, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • How should we set out to determine "the social"? Arguably, a quick glance at different societies, at different points in time, reveals that the social dimension of human existence is not a universal concept and independent of context, but interwoven with the latter in ways that present major challenges when it comes to illuminating related implications. For instance, if we take the general present state of affairs in the most “advanced” societies, what we immediately must take note of is that – especially if we regard communication as a key aspect of human existence as it is related to how we interact with, refer to, and rely on others – individuals in both highly industrialized societies, but also in many societies that either are still going through the process of industrialization (such as China), or in which the level of wealth is sufficiently high for many to be able to afford the requisite electronic devices, are spending much more time connecting with others by means of those devices, in ways that are mediated and delimited, and in terms of the how of communication, even determined by their tools – personal computers, Androids, iPods, and the like. De facto, and statistically speaking, individuals interact and communicate with their machines to a far greater extent than with other members of their species, even if – at the other end – there is a person who is engaging in precisely the same behavior. Since interacting with other humans takes up much less time than with machines, and since “social media” have become increasingly more prevalent, prominent, and relied upon, we must wonder whether this has any bearing on “the social” compared to the meaning and content of the latter one, two, or three generations earlier.
  • The Bathos of Nihilism. .....Thomas Bechtold, University of Tennessee-Knoxville
  • Bathos in sociological studies is the mockery of theory and critique from a disposition to habituated refusal and denial. This is a police function that serves as evidence of socially-structured administerial reason: the mockery of social theory as ‘inapplicable’, ‘impractical’, and in a telling statement ‘unusable’. At least the latter is true: by way of staunch, hyperbolic defense of anti-intellectualism, all-too practical sociology declares a commitment to epistemicide that is definitive of nihilistic 21st C. politics, typically imagined in rightist ultra-politics. Theory, critique, and critical or clinical socioanalysis, are not applicable to this venal misuse of social-analysis—the ridicule of intellectual and scholarly work—that declares how, by ‘faking it to make it’, social science reduces to the practice and application of polemic alone, in the service of a program for ignorance that is opposed to learning by a ‘realistic’ or ‘pragmatic’ investment in power/knowledge. In this study I will explore bathos from tropes of ‘lost causes’ typical of supremacists and authoritarians, as of a piece with middle-class and declared ‘leftist’ affiliations. The purpose will be to make the social structure of white political economy evident in a radical constructivism; a constructivism to its roots, that purposes imagery to these undeclared ends—the continuity of political economy as inegalitarian, illiberal, and socially unequal—as ‘whatever works’ to the preservation of a fateful social ontology: exemplary is the thinly held meritocratic illusion of education. Bathos as a nihilistic mood of modernization will be traced into early American 20th C. discourse and imagery as an unspoken, and largely unconscious, aestheticized politics that constitutes the resonance of this socio-symbolic and historic social system. Finally, the critique of conventional sociological ‘method’ as the short-circuit of theory and critique by the extirpation of theory from social science will be addressed.
  • "Rise of the Resistance” and the Demise of The Subject: Hegel, Durkheim and the Structural-Hermeneutic Ontology of the Social Being in the 21st Century. .....Reha Kadakal, Calfornia State University -- Channel Islands
  • Structural transformations in the 21st century necessitate radical rethinking of the category of subject that underlie the notions of autonomy, agency and individuality. Whereas capitalist modernity historically and typically expressed its contradictions through the crises of fundamental institutions—in politics, economy, religion, and arts— transformations of the 21st century suggest that we are at a point beyond the crises of institutions and the forms of subjectivity they involve. This paper depicts an onto-genetic transformation of the subject— its autolysis—by the commodity form and its mediated processes by building on representations in the historical present and the mediation of categories of social life.
43. Thematic Paper Session: Racism and Intersectionality [Regular Paper Session]
Friday | 3:15 pm-4:30 pm | Forum West (Hybrid)

Organizer: Ruth Chananie, University of Tampa
Presider: Ismail Hakki Yigit, Tennessee State University
  • Racism and Xenophobia in the time of COVID-19 Pandemic: A Study of Asian International Students perspective in U.S.. .....Rifat Jahan Loran, University of Memphis
  • Asian international students are the fastest-growing major racial, and ethnic groups in the U.S. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, every year 28% of Asian international (AI) students come to the U.S. for educational purposes. Throughout history, these students have confronted a legacy of marginalization, inequity, racism, and xenophobia in relation to educational policies and practices, especially during periods of pandemic situations, economic recession, or war. During the time of COVID-19, people of Asian descent have become potential targets in the US by encountering intersectional racism, anti-Asian sentiment, and Xenophobia. Little remains known about (AI) students’ experiences, attitudes, and emotional reactions regarding COVID-19 anti-Asian discrimination. To analyze the occurrences of racism and xenophobia during the global pandemic against (AI) Students in the U.S., this work proposes to employ critical race theory (CRT) and critical discourse analysis (CDA) as the methodological tools to provide suggestions and practices to perform a qualitative study with a sample of 35 (AI) students including the intersection of race and nationality of people with multiple marginalized identities. Finally, this study calls for further exploration of the experiences of people with multiple marginalized identities in the COVID-19 pandemic era.
  • Health and Tolerance: “What happens to Discriminators?”. .....Ismail Hakki Yigit, Tennessee State University
  • In this paper, we are interested in whether there is a correlation between people’s tolerance level and their mental and physical health outcome. Self-rated health is associated with socio-economic, behavioral, and socio-economic condition of people (Preston et al. 1998; Phelan et al. 2010; Montez and Hayward 2011; Sozmen et al. 2012). Scholars have explored that being a target of prejudice –racially - may have a negative impact on overall well-being (Blascovich et al. 2001; Mendes et al. 2007; Page-Gould, Mendoza-Denton, and Tropp 2008). In the literature, it is shown that those who are targeted by some type of racial or ethnic discriminatory behaviors are more likely to generate stress and so their overall well-being is negatively impacted by it (Clark et al. 1999; Williams and Mohammed 2009). However, few studies explored whether there are health consequences for being intolerant or bigot. Therefore, this study focus on whether there is an association between those who discriminate against people racially, religiously, ethnically, and sexually and mental and health outcomes? This study develops a conceptual model linking tolerance levels to health. I hypothesize that social intolerance will be negatively associated with mental and subjective well-being.
  • Is Race a Category, or a Continuum? American Racial Conceptualization and Degrees of Race. .....Raj Andrew Ghoshal, Elon University
  • The American public, American law, and most social science typically conceive of race as categorical. For instance, even a US-born, light-skinned, native English-speaking Hispanic American might face discrimination due to their ethnoracial identity. This person would be entitled to civil rights protections, might be eligible for affirmative action, and is likely grouped in with many foreign-born, less “white-passing” Hispanic individuals in studies that measure discrimination. In this conception of race, variation in skin tone or cultural cues is unimportant; one simply is or is not a member of a racial group. Yet simultaneously, both American folk theories and social science research invoke continuous conceptions of race. Colloquially, claims that individuals are “so white,” “not really Asian,” “Blacker (or less Black) than” someone else, and the like, often rooted in cues around language, appearance, ancestry, or socioeconomic status, are widespread. And research finds that within-race economic inequality and health disparities by skin color match or exceed between-race inequality, suggesting that racialization and discrimination play out on a spectrum rather than only categorically. This paper therefore inquires into whether and when Americans conceive of race categorically, continuously, or both. I conduct a nationally representative survey of 1,172 respondents. I find significant contradiction, ambivalence, and flexibility in conceptions of race as categorical or continuous, along with striking patterns by respondents’ race, age, and political views. Findings include: (1) In the abstract, most respondents reject the idea that race can be continuous or partial, but given concrete scenarios, most regard racial membership as a continuum; (2) Black respondents reject a continuous conception of race more than any other racial group when given an abstract prompt, but Blacks and most other groups of color are above-average supportive of the continuum idea when responding to concrete scenarios; (3) Very conservative and very liberal Americans are united in greater loyalty to seeing race as purely categorical than all other groups; and (4) Young respondents are much more likely to see race as a matter of degrees compared to their elders. I explain these findings in relation to historical patterns of racial domination and shifting discourses on race, and tie them to debates about current and future racial inequality.
Looking Back. Leading Forward!: MSSA in the 21st Century [Plenary]
Friday | 5:00 pm-6:15 pm | Grand Ballroom Central
Dr. Earl Wright, II Rhodes College Author, Jim Crow Sociology: The Black and Southern Roots of American Sociology and 2022-23 President-elect, Southern Sociological Society
Banquet and Business Meeting [Banquet]
Friday | 7:00 pm-11:00 pm | Crown Ballroom
2022 MSSA Presidential Address Dr. Shelly McGrath University of Alabama, Birmingham Insert Title of Talk
Saturday | 7:00 am-8:00 am | Grand Ballroom East
44. Criminology [Regular Paper Session]
Saturday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Embassy East

Organizer: Meredith Huey Dye, Middle Tennessee State University
Presider: Meredith Huey Dye, Middle Tennessee State University
  • Examining facets of the cyber and physical worlds: What is the relationship and the difference between cybercrime and physical crime?. .....Daniel Adrian Doss, Tulane University; Daniel Scherr, University of Tennessee - Southern; Linda Taylor, Jackson State University; Don Jones, Northwest Mississippi Community College; David McElreath, University of Mississippi; Marian Swindell, Mississippi State University
  • This study examined the differences and relationships between reported incidents of cybercrime and physical crime within U.S. society nationally. The examined period encompassed the years between 2001 and 2020. The study outcomes showed that a relationship existed between reported incidents of cybercrime and reported incidents of physical crime (p = 0.00; α = 0.05). More specifically, it appeared that relationships existed between the reported incidents of cybercrime and the reported incidents of physical crimes representing robbery rate (p = 0.01; α = 0.05), burglary rate (p = 0.00; α = 0.05), and larceny theft rate (p = 0.00; α = 0.05). It also appeared that a difference (p = 0.00; α = 0.05) existed between reported incidents of cybercrime and physical crime wherein greater quantities of physical crime were exhibited societally during the examined period.
  • Mara Salvatrucha: A Sociological Analysis of the Most Violent Gang in America. .....Kaylie Lynn Burton, Eastern Kentucky University
  • Since the 1980's, a notorious gang known as Mara Salvatrucha, commonly referred to as MS-13, has been operating out of the United States and members have spread across two continents. Their criminal activity including but not limited to drug trafficking, juvenile sex trafficking, assault, prostitution, and brutal homicides are continuing to increase. MS-13 has become a rapidly growing issue and is considered a high concern for the FBI's National Gang Task Force, CIA, and is labeled as a national security and foreign policy concern. Sociologists and Criminologists have searched for reasons and causations within gang involvement and formation for decades now, but due to the uniqueness of MS-13, definitions and causes have been difficult to construct. Societal effects of racism, poverty, marginalization, and social inadequacy and exclusion are analyzed in terms of finding a cause to their criminal activity, in particular, their violent behaviors.
  • Violent behavior in a national sample of American adolescents: Examining the gender invariant effects of the predictors of youth violence. .....Branna Carrie Humphrey, University of Louisville; Viviana Andreescu, University of Louisville
  • Using data from the second wave of the International Self-Reported Delinquency Study (ISRD-2), the present study seeks to determine if gender moderates the effects of theoretical predictors of violent behavior reported by a subsample of seventh to nineth grade students enrolled in schools in the United States (N = 2,400). Consistent with the theoretical expectations, results show that both male and female students who report violent behavior are more likely to have low levels of self-control, tend to associate with violent peers, are more likely to express pro-violence attitudes, and to report exposure to violence in their schools and neighborhoods. While parental monitoring does not significantly differentiate students who reported violent behavior from those who never engaged in violence, exposure to inter-parental violence significantly increases the boys’ risk of violence perpetration. The implications of the findings and the study limitations are also discussed.
45. Science, Technology and Inequality [Regular Paper Session]
Saturday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Willie Pearson, Georgia Institute of Technology
Presider: Willie Pearson, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Science, Technology and Inequality: Illusions of Inclusion. .....Cheryl Leggon, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • The Current and Past State of African American Achievement: Envisioning a STEAM Approach to 8th Grade Literacy Proficiency. .....Carla Kabwatha, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • This study presents a review of relevant literature that examines the level of science, math, and literacy proficiency (as defined by NAEP) in eighth grade African American students. The scope of the investigation includes literature from the years 2000 to 2020. Specifically addressed are prevalent achievement gaps, regressed literacy proficiency, and the role STEAM can play in building bridges to academic success while simultaneously increasing future representation in the fields of science, technology, math, and engineering. This study is grounded in Ladson-Billings’ theory of culturally relevant pedagogy (CRP) and supported by social reconstructionist ideology. Based on the results of this inquiry, the researcher found that Black achievement in the areas of mathematics, science, and literacy (reading & writing) is ominously lower than any other demographic in the nation. Not only is the wide performance gap concerning, but current trends suggest that the chasm is expanding. Literacy, math, science, and technical aptitude is vital to self-sufficiency and independence in the 21st century. As such, there is space for radical solutions. Study concludes with an appeal for curricula transformation based on a framework that infuses science, engineering, and robotics into traditional ELA curriculum.
  • "I See the Potential in You:" HBCU Provosts' Use of Purposeful Perspective Taking to Promote Broadening STEM Participation.. .....Angelique Blackmon, Innovative Learning Center, LLC
  • Fair Privacy: How College Students Perceive Sustainability of Fair Privacy Protection. .....Yu Tao, Stevens Institute of Technology
  • Willie Pearson, Georgia Institute of Technology;
46. Medical Sociology [Regular Paper Session]
Saturday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Forum West (Hybrid)

Presider: Nithila Ramesh, University of Memphis
  • "You Can't Know Any Better": The Perceptions of Black Healthcare Practices in Hospital Patient-Provider Relationships. .....Nithila Ramesh, University of Memphis
  • This research study attempts to identify and analyze patterns of perception amongst healthcare providers towards black healthcare practices. The methodology of this study includes a content analysis examining existing literature’s criteria for black patient progress, along with conducting interviews with healthcare providers across two different hospitals in Memphis, TN. The purpose of this study is two-fold—(1) to measure the level of healthcare provider knowledge and understanding of disparities impacting Black patient access and ability in Memphis, and (2) to analyze U.S. medical research studies focusing on race and patient-physician relationships for themes of perception towards black patient health. Existing medical education and training regarding patient-provider communication measures Black healthcare progress against a whiteness-centered, Western based criterion for what is considered good health, yet the reverse has yet to be further explored. The main focus areas of this study are racialized healthcare practices, social construction of the Black body, and the effects of urban segregation on Black health equity. Additionally, the frameworks of this study seek to deconstruct the complex authority given to healthcare provider bias that defines relationships between Black patients and white/non-Black healthcare professionals. While issues of racial health inequity have been recently publicized due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the lived experiences of Black patients regarding medical mistreatment and mistrust have always been an urgent and consequential reality.
  • Hiding in Plain Sight: Disclosure and Concealment in Life Course Chronic Illness Management. .....Alexandra Catherine Hayes Nowakowski, Florida State University College of Medicine
  • Living with chronic disease involves making choices frequently about what and how much to disclose about one’s health to other people in different settings and contexts. Disclosure of illness is not monolithic or static but rather complex and dynamic, and variable across time and space. This autoethnography explores these dynamics via lived experience with both progressive disease and COVID-19 sequelae. It describes concealing progressive disablement—including both expected changes from underlying progressive disease and unexpected ones from prior infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus—while also living very openly with chronic illness in both professional and general community spaces. Specifically, it explores experiences of growing older with the mucous membrane disease cystic fibrosis. Many people with CF experience disability with aging. People with CF are also frequently employed full time and managing multiple responsibilities. This creates tension between openly disclosing having CF and obfuscating its consequences to avoid stigma and discrimination. This manuscript incorporates lived experience with both CF and things that accelerate its progression, including additional complications introduced by COVID-19. It reflects critically on both personal and structural insights from the pandemic. These lessons inform specific work on aging with progressive illness plus general scholarship on chronic disease and disability.
  • Labor during the Prenatal Time Frame: Birth Doulas' Cultivation of Biomedical Subjects. .....Katie Knop, Wingate University
  • In this paper, I situate birth doulas within the biomedical model of childbirth. Drawing upon interviews with 32 childbirth doulas and participant observation research, I examine doulas' communication of hospital birthing protocols and medical information to their clients during the prenatal time frame. During this time leading up to clients' births, doulas are educating clients about a range of possible scenarios they might encounter while labor as well as the benefits, risks, and alternatives associated with an array of potential birth choices. I argue that doulas participate in the transformation of birthing persons into moral pioneers through expectations of ownership, responsibility, and risk management concerning their birthing experiences.
47. Faculty and Student Potpourri [Roundtable]
Saturday | 8:00 am-9:15 am | Embassy West

Organizers: Frances Staten, Grambling State University Department of Sociology/Psychology /PI Gamma Mu Honor Society; Ogbonnaya Nwoha, Louisiana Tech University;
Presiders: Frances Staten, Grambling State University Department of Sociology/Psychology /PI Gamma Mu Honor Society; Ogbonnaya Nwoha, Louisiana Tech University;
This roundtable and poster session will focus on social and health concerns related to the impact of the pandemic and climate change on students at a Historically Black University (HBCU) and a Predominantly White Institution (PWI). It will specifically share preliminary findings from an exploratory study on students' perceptions and fears related to these issues. Additionally, student discussants will elaborate on students’ perception of online versus face-to-face instruction, the effect of the pandemic on their academic performance, finances, residential preferences, and extracurricular activities. Furthermore, students will present a poster on environmental service and longevity research in the cemetery. To join by Zoom: Zoom ID: 489 711 6900
  • ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICE/ LONGEVITY RESEARCH IN THE CEMETERY: A POSTER PRESENTATION. .....Kimorah John, Grambling State University; Lester Sims, Grambling State University; Christopher Brown, Grambling State University; Christopher Turner, Grambling State University; Grace Powell, Grambling State University
  • This poster presentation displays findings from ongoing environmental and longevity research and service in rural and white historical cemeteries in Northern, Louisiana (2012-2022). Ethnographic data from tombstones and monuments revealed differences in the longevity of women and men and conjugal families born in the 1800s -1930s. It also shows students’ involvement in environmental cleanup and beautification of the burial sites of Juneteenth families, marital couples, centenarians, veterans, and other social groups, and the documentation of the impact of climate change on the cemetery culture .
  • Examining Policy Failures on the Aftermath of Covid19 or Is It Failure in Political Leadership? -- the Truth. .....Ogbonnaya Nwoha, Louisiana Tech University; Lemmy Akoma, Grambling State University; Frances Staten, Grambling State University Department of Sociology/Psychology /PI Gamma Mu Honor Society; Cameron Sumlin, University of Louisiana at Monroe
  • It’s now clear to political and health policy analysts that there were significant failures in policy decisions during the onset of the novel corona virus (Covid19), beginning from January 2020. Although failures in such a rapidly spreading international and domestic public health challenge could be inevitable, our focus is determining how well or poorly the U.S. public health policy makers managed the pandemic compared to other nations that were visited by the same viral pandemic. Several political and health policy experts are of the opinion that the U.S. government was insufficiently prepared and as such lacked the capacity to confront and mitigate the pandemic, exhibited poor leadership and coordination, failed in regulatory policies, and reacted slowly in the overall confrontation of this public health challenge. Our paper concentrates on the important official steps the U.S. federal government took to mitigate the pandemic with emphasis on the guidelines, rules, and regulations promulgated during the outbreak. We discuss failures identified by experts and suggest ways to ensure that such failures are minimized in future public health challenges.

  • Cameron Sumlin, University of Louisiana at Monroe;
  • Kimorah John, Grambling State University;
  • Grace Powell, Grambling State University;
  • Lester Sims, Grambling State University;
  • Madison Kennedy, Louisiana Tech University;
  • Christopher Brown, Grambling State University;
  • Christopher Turner, Grambling State University;
  • Peter Ferdinand, Grambling State University;
  • Frances Staten, Grambling State University Department of Sociology/Psychology /PI Gamma Mu Honor Society
  • Lemmy Akoma, Grambling State University
  • Ogbonnaya Nwoha, Louisiana Tech University
  • Marcus Davis, Grambling State University
  • Cameron Sumlin, University of Louisiana at Monroe
Registration & Help Desk
Saturday | 8:00 am-12:00 pm | Promenade
48. Media and Pop Culture [Regular Paper Session]
Saturday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Embassy East

Organizer: Ruth Chananie, University of Tampa
Presider: Gregory Wayne Serrano, University of Kentucky
  • Anthropomorphism in Horror: When animals attack!. .....Gregory Wayne Serrano, University of Kentucky
  • Research-in-progress. This study seeks to understand the dynamics associated with anthropomorphically positioning nonhuman antagonists as "out to get" human victims in mainstream horror. Attempts to reconcile the unique relationships between human and nonhuman lives in cinema in opposition to the real world, in which humans are often the ones who destroy the overarching ecosystem. These portrayals justify such themes by suggesting that it becomes necessary to "tame" the wild before it overthrows us. In other events, the cliche "heroic" ending typically showcases the human conquering of nonhuman bodies. Unlike most other horror subgenres, in films with an animal antagonist, the ending showdown is usually quite literally "man vs. beast." It suggests a stronghold of the "male" gaze, whereby the animals in question are ultimately intellectually (and sometimes physically) outmatched by the male protagonist.
  • "Real Life Comes First, But ...": Gamer as Moral Identity. .....Heather Lee Shay, Middle Tennessee State University
  • This presentation examines the construction of a moral identity through participation in role-playing gaming. Role-playing gaming is a leisure activity that “is not competitive, has no time limits, no score-keeping, and, aside from the death of the player’s persona [character], has no infinite definitions of winning or losing” (Waskul 2006:20). As the participants pretend to be characters in a fictional world, it is seemingly quite removed from real life. Yet, gamers used the game to construct a sense of themselves as good people. I engaged in 19 months of participant-observation in a table-top role-playing gaming group, conducted 20 in-depth interviews, and analyzed archival data from e-mail lists and websites. I also attended GENCON, the national gaming convention, two years in a row. I found that role-playing gamers value six characteristics that comprise their moral identity: dedication, cooperation, selflessness, creativity, intelligence, and authenticity. Gamers saw those who displayed such characteristics as good gamers. By constructing gamer as moral identity, table-top role-players created a shared identity of what it meant to be a “good” gamer. They thus found a way to use an activity that is seen as frivolous entertainment at best and as stigmatizing at worst to present themselves positively.
  • Batman as a Transformational Leader. .....Stan H. Hodges, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
  • This research looks at Batman in film and his development as a transformational leader from the standpoint of Transformational leadership theory. This study is in conjunction with other superhero articles that are currently works in progress.
49. Qualitative Research on Stigma in Work [Regular Paper Session]
Saturday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Embassy West

Presider: Andrew James Tatch, Troy University
  • The Gig Lifestyles of Middle-Aged Freelance Musicians in New York City. .....Caroline E. Nagy, DePaul University
  • This qualitative research project elicits self- and career narratives of 16 professionally educated freelance musicians in New York City—over the age of 40—in order to explain how they support their careers and lifestyles and why they continue to contend with the instability of ‘gigging’ in a densely populated and expensive city. This work fills a qualitative research gap and provide a profile of freelance musicians practicing in an urban environment. Guiding questions are structured around a Bourdieusian lens that explore the ‘habitus,’ ‘field,’ and ‘capitals’ of freelance musicians. Beyond the study’s major findings surrounding freelance musicians’ identity, reputation significance, income ambivalence, family limitations and socially deviant definitions of success, I seek further analytic descriptions of the ‘what’ and ‘how’ of these artists by using qualitative interview data to propose causal relationships (why) at both the micro (individual/group behavior) as well as the macro (social facts) levels. Ultimately, I suggest the existence of an anomaly between Bourdieu’s theories and the musical habitus and musical capital of educated freelance musicians. The study's goal is to introduce sociological insights to the broader public into the ways musicians reconcile the pursuit of a virtuosic, aesthetic calling with the need to provide for daily existence.
  • The Weight of Living: An Analysis of Anti-Fat Bias and Fatphobia in Women's Working Relationships. .....Hannah Jasmyn Newcomb, Middle Tennessee State University
  • Societal ideas about obesity, fatness, and overweight permeate the social institutions that govern our lives. From employment, romantic relationships, education, and more, our society reinforces the stereotypes and mistreatment of fat people. Women in particular are faced with the stigma of existing in a larger body, which frequently results in fat women facing lower hourly and lifetime earnings, and limits on their occupational attainment (Fikkan and Rothblum 2011). Through ten qualitative interviews with fat women, I explore how these women navigate their workplace and working relationships. This research centers fat women and their experiences, while providing insight on the inequalities members of this group face in the working world. My preliminary findings indicate that fat women experience stigma at work and use various techniques to manage this stigma. I argue that negative perceptions about fatness manifest in the relationships women form at work, and provide obstacles for fat women in attaining career success. Further, I assert that workplace cultures are capable of reinforcing the deviance of fatness.
  • Exploring career concerns for individuals with blindness and low vision on reddit. .....Andrew James Tatch, Troy University; Ryan Howard, Troy University; Daijah Bell, Troy University
  • It is well documented that individuals who are blind or who have visual difficulties are at a disadvantage in the labor market. In addition to higher rates of unemployment compared to sighted peers, individuals who are blind or low vision also earn significantly lower median wages. Researchers have documented numerous reasons for this labor market marginalization, including employer discrimination, transportation issues, and self-selection out of the labor market. Despite a substantial literature, few scholars have relied on unobtrusive methods of data collection, which allow unsolicited responses from research subjects. Using a grounded theory approach, we use publicly available data from reddit to explore how individuals with blindness or low vision discuss thoughts related to careers, employment, jobs, or working. Preliminary findings indicate individuals with blindness or low vision are concerned about what types of careers they may obtain, express frustrations with the potential loss of or limited work identity, and regularly seek support. The use of reddit data makes several notable contributions; first, the posts represent the more immediate career and employment concerns confronting individuals with vision loss. Second, the findings are of utility to vocational rehabilitation providers, who might recommend the free and accessible blind subreddit as a means of accessible support. Lastly, the consistent concerns of individuals in regards to feasible careers indicate additional need for career coaching for individuals who are blind or low vision.
  • Wrestling with Gender: The Social Construction of Gender in a Wrestling Troup in the Deep South. .....Jeremy Ross, Jacksonville State University; Tina Deshotels, Jacksonville State University; Terry Wiggins, Jacksonville State University
  • This research in progress proposes to use in-depth interviews and participant observation of a wrestling troupe in the Deep South that actively challenges traditional gender. Our research question is: How is traditional gender ideology challenged and reinforced. We focus on performers' presentation of gender, organizational rules and culture, and audience reaction.
50. Social Determinants of Health Research [Regular Paper Session]
Saturday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizers: Melencia Johnson, University of South Carolina Aiken; Nicola Davis Bivens, Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) - Charlotte, NC;
Presiders: Melencia Johnson, University of South Carolina Aiken; Nicola Davis Bivens, Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) - Charlotte, NC;
  • Sociological Explanations of Coronavirus Incidence Rates in Kentucky Counties. .....Sarah Cooper, Eastern Kentucky University; James Maples, Eastern Kentucky University
  • This study explores sociological explanations for Covid-19 incidence rates among Kentucky Counties. The authors examine how incidence rates varied pre/post-Omicron variant based on a county's educational attainment, poverty rates, political perspective, health status, and place status (Appalachian status, metropolitan status). The authors discovered that none of these variables effectively explained differences in county-level Covid-19 rates before Omicron. However, once Omicron became the prevalent variant in Kentucky, metropolitan status, Appalachian status, two measures of poverty rates, political perspective, and three measures of educational attainment all predicted differences in mean Covid-19 incidence rates.
  • Masculinities and Mental Health. .....Stephanie Marie Steiner, University of Central Florida
  • This investigation aimed to uncover the relationship between traditional masculine traits and depressive symptoms in college students. The significance of this research lies in the factors that attribute and or predispose someone to acting and holding views that algin more with traditional masculine qualities. But in doing so, the results of such are represented with the mental illnesses and emotional ailments that follow (i.e., depression). A sample of 455 students were pooled at the local university via virtual survey questionnaires. The survey consisted of two different scales: one to measure the extent of toxic masculine traits/behaviors, and another for depressive symptoms. Control variables consisting of sex, gender, sexual orientation, relationship status, religious affiliation, and race were also included. Results suggest a statistically significant relationship between the two variables but is rather weak. Much more research is needed in this field, especially that related to different subgroups to better understand where these prejudices and detrimental gender-binary perspectives lie.
  • Reflecting with Bourdieu: Understanding Healthcare Choices in Pakistan. .....Saman Nazir, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics ; Abdullah Emran, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics
  • Understanding health-related choices are critical for recognizing structural shortcomings, targeting particular health-promoting policy interventions, and mapping out people-centered institutional improvements. Besides the public and private formal allopathic healthcare systems in Pakistan, informal providers practicing allopathy, homeopathy, and eastern medicine are considered to make up a significant portion of the overall healthcare market. On the patients’ side, many socio-cultural, economic, and geographical factors contribute to determining health-related choices, healthcare utilization, and navigation. This study draws on contemporary work exploring healthcare choices, building on Bourdieu’s concepts of Habitus, Capital, Field, and Space. For this study, we employ a phenomenological approach to explore how people manage health-related issues and make health-related choices when they experience sickness. We used semi-structured in-depth qualitative interviews to acquire data from people currently living in Islamabad. Our study participants make contrasting healthcare choices while living in different residential areas of the same city, i.e., Islamabad. We explain how healthcare choices are structured and why the socially constructed nature of healthcare choices and decision-making needs to be understood for structural improvements within healthcare systems.
  • The Impact of Employment Status on Quality of Health Among Mexican Migrants: A Sociological Perspective. .....Md Shahriar Sabuz, Texas Tech University; Dr. Nadia Flores, Texas Tech University
  • A large number of people every year migrate to the US from different countries worldwide, including Mexico, in search of a better life. The challenge of finding suitable employment for undocumented immigrants in the US has an effect on their health. Similarly, undocumented immigrants in the US have limited access to health services. Mexico is the most common country of origin for undocumented immigrants to the United States. Several studies have focused on the health of international migrants, but little is known about how employment status impacts migrant health. The present study aims to assess the relationship between health status and employment status of Mexican migrants residing in the US and returned Mexican migrants. Data from the Mexican Migration Project (MMP174) is used to investigate the impacts of employment status on migrant health. Multiple Logistic Regression is performed in this study to address the research question. The dependent variable of the proposed models are agricultural work, and factory work, and the main Independent Variables are last year’s health status, current health status, and health upon returning to Mexico. The results of this study suggest employment status has a strong positive impact on migrant health. These findings suggest that policy focused on migrant health programs should consider expanding their employment opportunities while making their policy as better employment opportunities might have a positive impact on migrant health.
51. Religion and Society [Regular Paper Session]
Saturday | 9:30 am-10:45 am | Forum West (Hybrid)

Presider: Ugur Orak, Middle Tennessee State University
  • The Effects of Religion on Muslim Americans’ Attitudes Towards Homosexuality. .....Mohammad A Zannoun, University of Kentucky
  • This study examines the impact of religion on the attitudes of Muslim Americans towards homosexuality. I used The Pew Survey on American Muslims (2007) (Research Center’s Forum on Religion and Public Life) data, which measures the effects of various religious beliefs and practices on different aspects of political thinking, including the respondents’ attitudes towards homosexuality. Logistic regression models in this paper predict that religious beliefs and practices increase the possibility of having negative attitudes towards homosexuality among Muslim Americans. These results are compatible with the wealth of research on homosexuality that shows that religion is the main reason behind the negative attitudes towards homosexuality among other religious groups. Unexpectedly, education, age, and region variables do not have a statistically significant impact on the attitudes towards homosexuality.
  • Social, Demographic and Familial Factors as Indicators of African American Religious Apostasy. .....Kristie Perry, Southern University and A&M College
  • The relationship among race, gender and religious apostasy is complex. Extensive research has been generated on the dynamic relationship between gender. Studies have consistently shown men to be less religious. Absent from this body of literature is agreement on the universality of gender differences in religiosity as well as the explanatory power of proposed explanations. Very few recent studies have examined black religiosity in general and black apostasy. The purpose of this study was to assess factors related to African American apostasy. Social and demographic correlates of African American religious apostasy were examined. Although the literature provided only a limited discussion of gender differences as related to denominational mobility, the findings were in keeping with research on religious preferences of African American women. As was expected, the findings suggested that African American females were significantly more likely to identify as religious rather than as apostate. Age was also a significant indicator of apostasy for African Americans.
  • Moderating Role of Race on Religion and Euthanasia Attitudes in the United States. .....Soheil Sabriseilabi, Troy University
  • We examined the moderating role of race on the relationship between religion and euthanasia attitudes in the United States. Understanding the role of religion in attitudes toward euthanasia requires viewing religion as a multidimensional construct. In this study, four dimensions operationalized religion: religiosity, spirituality, afterlife beliefs (afterlife, heaven, and hell), and religious denomination. Using data from 1,066 adults interviewed in the 2018 General Social Survey, a logistic regression showed that the impact of each dimension of religion varies across racial groups. Adding race as an interaction term moderated the effect of religion dimensions on people’s attitudes toward euthanasia. Although most studies have shown a negative influence of religion, we found that not all dimensions of religion have a negative association with opposition to euthanasia and the role of each dimension differs based on individuals’ race. We also found that any comprehensive understanding of the role of religion in shaping euthanasia attitudes should consider the moderating effect of race.
  • Combat experience, negative affect, religiosity, and suicidality: A conditional process analysis. .....Ugur Orak, Middle Tennessee State University; Muhammed Yildiz, Utah Tech University; Ramazan Aydogdu, Baptist Health Sciences University
  • Rising suicide rates are a growing concern among US veterans. Previous studies report combat experience as a potential predictor of suicidality and religiosity as a protective factor. However, the mediating mechanisms linking combat experience to suicidality and the impact of different dimensions of religiosity on this mediation remains largely understudied. Drawing upon data from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (2019-2020; n = 4,069), this study examined the association between combat experience and suicidality, whether this association was mediated by negative affect, and whether direct and/or indirect effects of combat experience were moderated by organizational, non-organizational, and intrinsic religiosity. Findings revealed that negative affect significantly mediated the association between combat experience and suicidality. Among the religiosity measures, intrinsic religiosity had a moderation effect and significantly reduced the deleterious impact of negative affect on suicidality. These findings highlight a multifaceted relationship between combat experience, negative affect, religiosity, and suicidality, and call attention to a more comprehensive examination of negative affect and religious coping among combat veterans as part of the suicide prevention efforts.
52. Media, Race, and Otherizing [Regular Paper Session]
Saturday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | Forum East (Hybrid)

Organizer: Theresa Clare Davidson, Samford University
Presider: Theresa Clare Davidson, Samford University
  • Christian Nationalism and Organized White Supremacy in the United States: The Case of James A. Lovell, Evangelist of British-Israelism. .....Joseph O. Baker, East Tennessee State University; Niki Dolfi, East Tennessee State University; Luke Scott Blanton, East Tennessee State University
  • <working paper> Christian nationalism in the United States has recently gained increased attention from scholars because of its consequential connection to politics, particularly concerning matters of race. Likewise, a considerable body of research now exists on the role of religion in organized white supremacy movements in the U.S. Here we bring these two lines of inquiry together, with specific focus on the rhetorical uses of Christian nationalist narratives in British-Israelism during the latter half of the twentieth century. Using narrative biography and qualitative content analyses, we examine rhetorical themes of Christian nationalism in the Kingdom Digest, a magazine produced, edited, and distributed by popular radio preacher John A. Lovell. Across more than 40 years of content (from 1949 until 1991), Christian nationalism was a foundational and fundamental trope used to justify, frame, and advance racialist claims about civilization, segregation, miscegenation, citizenship, patriotism, and American politics more generally. The uses of Christian nationalism in British-Israelism helped lay the groundwork for the integrating disparate factions of organized white supremacy in the U.S. Further, by straddling the line between underground and aboveground activism and ministry, Lovell was also able to disseminate the message of Christian nationalism and white supremacy among the wider public .
  • A Visual Analysis of Jet. .....Giselle Greenidge, Northwest Missouri State University
  • This study focuses on the different strategies used over fifty years by Jet magazine. Jet has one of the most extensive photographic collections of Black life in the U.S., particularly in the second half of the 20th century. The purpose of this study is to find out what specific strategies are being utilized by Jet through magazine covers. The various strategies that will be examined include “outdoing” the majority, shocking the public with their cover photo, conforming or accepting the image of a specific period, or rejecting the norms of society. Visual content analysis will be performed utilizing the cover images from 1951 to 2008. An index will be developed, and all images will be coded and analyzed based on this index.
  • New Racism in the Networked Society. .....Marcus Brooks, Western Kentucky University
  • Bonilla-Silva's New Racism has been one of the dominant sociological frameworks for understanding structures of racism for the past two decades. Much of the scholarship that uses Bonilla-Silva's frameworks was done in the years following the introduction of the New Racism concept. In that time a lot has changed. Our society is increasingly turning to social media and other online communicative spaces to talk about important issues, especially those related to race and racism. This session will focus on what New Racism looks like in the social media age. Using methods that center on online racial discourse and ideologies we will explore how the technological mediation of social interactions influences how we talk about, understand, reproduce, and fight against racism.
53. Facing the Apocalypse and More: Applied Sociological Theory [Regular Paper Session]
Saturday | 11:00 am-12:15 pm | Forum West (Hybrid)

Organizer: Adam Rafalovich, Pacific University
Presider: Daniel Adrian Doss, Tulane University
  • Roderick Seidenberg and Post-Historic Society. .....Frank Elwell, Rogers State University
  • This paper will introduce Roderick Seidenberg’s (1950) post-historic theory to students of sociology. Seidenberg identifies the increasing application of organization as evidenced in engineering works, articulated legal systems, religious institutions, military organizations, and imperial bureaucracies However, it is only in the recent past that the principle of rational organization has come to dominate societies, extending and deepening its reach into all areas of social life including the socialization of children, education, the production and consumption of goods and services, communications and transportation, and social welfare. Seidenberg posits that the principle of organization is rooted in our behavior as rational human beings, rationality or technique that seems ingrained into our very being that “we follow rather than invent.” Seidenberg posits that history itself marks the struggle between instinct and intelligence as the guiding force in human affairs. Throughout the historical process, the force of conscious intelligence accumulated more experience, precision, and success in navigating the physical and social worlds and became ever more prominent. Older forms, habits, and customs are shed and replaced, under the pressure of increasingly rational thought, by new insights, ideas, and experiences. The old ways based on long-standing customs and traditions are reinterpreted and converted in their structure and function into the “rationalized and purposive institutions of civilized society.” Paralleling Weber’s rationalization theory, Seidenberg details the post-historic period we are moving toward, going well beyond Weber in describing the iron cage humanity is building.
  • From Radical Course Idea to Textbook: Reflections on Apocalypse and Society. .....Adam Rafalovich, Pacific University
  • Over ten years ago, my students and I developed Apocalypse and Society, an introductory-level course centered upon the following themes: 1) Technological apocalypse; 2) Other-worldly cataclysm; 3) Apocalypse and illness; 4) Zombies; 5) Nuclear technology; and 6) Environmental apocalypse. There were no comprehensive and interdisciplinary textbooks in this “field,” so we relied upon peer-reviewed and popular journal articles through our university library. As the curator of this reading material, I had to be nimble, and work closely with library staff. To be frank, it was a headache. This motivated me to approach publishers with the possibility of consolidating all of the information I had gathered into an affordable, interdisciplinary textbook. This paper covers this process, from developing a course in conjunction with student input to the writing of a textbook that is available for widespread adoption through Kendall-Hunt Publishers. The paper closes with reflections upon the possibility that "Apocalypse Studies" is an important sub-field in sociology.
  • Beyond the Bicycle: Objectùm-Sexuality and the Social Construction of Technology. .....Deborah Blizzard, Rochester Institute of Technology
  • Science and Technology Studies (STS) analyzes the process of how things are made, named, and come to be part of the Anthropocene. While numerous methods and theories exist to assist the process of STS research and analysis, one that draws from the Sociology of Science is the Social Construction of Technology (SCOT). Now utilized across the field, the approach considers the social landscapes in which technologies are shaped by those who build and utilize them. Within the decades in which SCOT has grown, researchers have pushed the approach to consider technology beyond artifacts to include the sociotechnical and knowledge systems that support everyday life. Concurrently, researchers have also brought the power dynamics that affect social structures more clearly into focus. Together, these developments make SCOT an excellent approach when examining an emergent, yet contested, human condition (read technology) to light: who are the social groups, what is the knowledge, and around what social foci are they located? Utilizing SCOT this paper examines the condition of objectùm-sexuality (OS), or love of an artifact, to identity how the processes of stabilization, medicalization, and normalization are being used to name the condition and classify its existence. As noted by those who self-identify as experiencing OS “We love objects on a very significant level and many of us in an intimate way. This feeling is innate. Objectùm-sexual love comes for most in a similar awakening as other sexualities at the start of puberty” ( As more ways to identify and experience sexualities are accepted or at least acknowledged across Western scientific and medical landscapes it will become increasingly important to identify the social processes through which OS becomes better known and the ways in which its existence and experiences shape the world around it. This paper utilizes a SCOT framework to examine these sociotechnical processes and asks what it might mean for the future(s) of OS and the communities that experience it.
  • Implementing Resource Dependency Theory to Explore National Perceptions of Collegiate Women’s Lacrosse Officials. .....Jenna Handshoe, Lincoln Memorial University; Daniel Adrian Doss, Tulane University
  • A sharp decline in retention of referees has been considered a “crisis” within the officiating community. Using Ridinger's seven-factor Referee Retention Scale (RRS), a cross-sectional design was created using an online survey which combined the RRS and demographic questions related to the Collegiate Women’s Lacrosse Association (CWLOA). Using a regression approach and an alpha value of 0.05, data analysis of the responses revealed statistically significant outcomes between officials’ needs and game decision with rating; challenge and giving back with weeks of officiating; stay involved with rating; primary reason with weeks of officiating; primary reason with years of officiating; stress with days of officiating; and interaction with years of officiating.

Index to Participants

Abbott, Jessica: 5 , 16
Aboumahboob, Jasmine L.: 32
Aday, Ron: 36
Akoma, Lemmy: 47
Alexander, Trinity: 39
Allen, Chelsee: 16
Allen, Janeice: 38
Allen, Kenneth: 41
Andreescu, Viviana: 44
Anthony J., Knowles: 37
Apenkro, Stella Korleki: 6
Austin, Andrew Wayne: 10
Aydiner, Cihan: 33
Aydogdu, Ramazan: 51
Ayers, Elizabeth: 5
Bailey, Anahya: 41
Baker, Joseph O.: 52
Batiste, Cassaundra: 39
Bazemore, Alisha L.: 12
Bechtold, Thomas: 42
Bell, Daijah: 49
Biggar, Raymond: 1
Bisciglia, Michael: 21
Blackmon, Angelique: 45
Blanton, Luke Scott: 39 , 52
Bledsoe-Gardner, Anita: 12
Blizzard, Deborah: 53
Blosser, Emily Gwen: 4
Boulahanis, John: 21
Bounds, Chris: 5
Bowe, Kasey Marie: 36
Brackett, Kimberly P.: 8
Bright, Candace: 39
Brooks, Marcus: 20 , 34 , 52
Brown, Christopher: 47
Brown, Vanessa: 38
Brunson, Isaiah: 7
Burke, Jessica: 16
Burke, Savannah: 2
Burton, Kaylie Lynn: 44
Bush, Jacob: 39
Cain, Amyre: 39
Campbell, Debra: 25
Castillo, Sarah: 18
Center, Ryan: 40
Chananie, Ruth: 6 , 43 , 48
Chen, Jing: 1
Cheng, Simon: 4
Cicek-Okay, Sevsem: 33
Clark, Patience: 7
Collier, Geoffrey: 12
Cooper, Sarah: 50
Crombez, Joel: 37
Cummings, Sydney: 39
Dahms, Harry F.: 15 , 18 , 37 , 42
Davidson, Theresa Clare: 40 , 52
Davis Bivens, Nicola: 2 , 12 , 26 , 50
Davis, Marcus: 47
Deshotels, Tina: 1 , 16 , 49
Desjarlais, Kristen: 23
Dewitt, Taylor: 39
Dixon, Fredrick Douglass: 27
Dolfi, Niki: 52
Donley, Sarah Beth: 4 , 16
Doss, Daniel Adrian: 44 , 53
Doucet, Jessica Marie: 16
Duke, Tyler: 7
Durant, Thomas: 27
Dye, Meredith Huey: 17 , 36 , 44
Elwell, Frank: 53
Emery, Cale: 38
Emran, Abdullah: 50
Esmail, Ashraf: 6 , 39
Farago, Fanni: 23
Farney, Lori: 36
Ferdinand, Peter: 47
Flores, Dr. Nadia: 50
Floyd, Hugh: 22 , 30
Fontenot, Linda: 27
Forsyth, Craig Joseph: 1
Frazier, DuEwa: 12
Ghoshal, Raj Andrew: 43
Gooch, Jamel: 34
Graham, Cameron Taylor: 15
Green, Rachael: 23
Greenidge, Giselle: 52
Griffith, Debbie: 10
Hakki Yigit, Ismail: 43
Handshoe, Jenna: 53
Harcey, Sela: 4
Hart, Kailynn: 39
Haynes, Stacy: 36
Hodges, Stan H.: 48
Howard, Elliott: 3
Howard, Ryan: 49
Humphrey, Branna Carrie: 44
Hunt, Andrea Nicole: 28
Hunter, Sydney: 16
Huss, Sean: 6
Hutto, Evan: 7
James, Brittny: 29
John, Kimorah: 47
John, Kimorah: 47
Johnson, LaToya N.: 12
Johnson, Melencia: 7 , 8 , 26 , 31 , 50
Jones, Don: 44
Jones, Spencer: 39
Kabwatha, Carla: 45
Kadakal, Reha: 42
Keith, Verna: 29
Kennedy, Madison: 47
Khatri, Binda: 26
Kilicaslan, Alaz: 33
Kim, Joongwon: 14 , 18
Knop, Katie: 46
Lam, Cindy: 24
Lampe, Nik: 29
Leggon, Cheryl: 45
Lehman, Brett: 16
Leonard, Marie des Neiges: 14
Lewelling, Christian: 15
Lindsey, Keelie Skye: 31
Liu, Dongni: 2
Loran, Rifat Jahan: 2 , 43
Lowry, Deborah: 14
Macy, Emma: 32
Maloney, Patricia: 26
Maples, James: 50
Martin, Autumn Rena: 23
Martin, Frank: 12
Martin, Justin A.: 38
Maupin, Mia: 7
May, David C. : 36
McClinton, Jeton: 10 , 27
McElreath, David: 44
McGrath, Shelly: 5 , 10
McIntyre, Samantha Anne: 18
McKinzie, Ashleigh Elain: 16
McManus, Briara: 7
McNett, Jackie: 11
Meade Byrd, Yolanda: 12
Miller, Byron: 29
Miller, DeMond S.: 12
Min, Hosik: 9
Molander, Lauren: 40
Molinari, Kiley: 16
Monte, Brianna Faith: 32
Murphy, Jacklyn: 23
Myers, Faith Lynn: 24
Nagy, Caroline E.: 49
Nazir, Saman: 50
Neis-Eldridge, Abraham Bear: 39
Nelson, Bethany: 15
Newcomb, Hannah Jasmyn: 49
Noh, Soo Rim: 9
Norman, Lauren Brooke: 1 , 9
Nowakowski, Alexandra Catherine Hayes: 29 , 46
Nwoha, Ogbonnaya: 47
O'Neill, Brian F.: 22
Onyeocha, Joseph C.: 12
Orak, Ugur: 51
Pardee, Jessica W.: 3 , 24
Parker, Keith: 14 , 27
Pearson, Willie: 45
Perkins, BreOn: 39
Perry, Erica: 34
Perry, Kristie: 6 , 10 , 27 , 41 , 51
Powell, Grace: 47
Powell, Grace: 47
Pusch, Natasha: 26
Quick, Deborah Brown: 12
Rabbani, Md Golam: 26
Radu, Monica Bixby: 24
Rafalovich, Adam: 53
Ramesh, Nithila: 46
Richardson, Jashun: 41
Richie, Jaylah: 39
Rider, Erin L: 8 , 33
Rivera, Jade Kimi: 32
Roberts, Sophia Mae: 17 , 31
Rogers, Baker: 29
Rogers, Jameracle: 41
Romaker, Zoe: 4
Ross, Jeremy: 49
Ross, Madison Raegan: 15
Rowland, Aaron: 38
Rush, Amani: 12
Sabriseilabi, Soheil: 51
Sabuz, Md Shahriar: 50
Scherr, Daniel: 44
Schneider, Jennifer: 24
Schneider, Matthew Jerome: 22
Serrano, Gregory Wayne: 48
Shadwick, Josh: 24
Shay, Heather Lee: 48
Sheptoski, Matthew: 3
Shin, Songyon: 24
Silver, Blake R.: 23 , 38
Simmons, Kiya Rayne: 31
Simon, Richard: 4
Sims, Lester: 47
Sims, Lester: 47
Singleton, Harry: 12
Sobba, Kristen: 24
Spencer, Ada: 36
Staten, Frances: 27 , 47
Steidl, Christina R.: 4
Steiner, Stephanie Marie: 50
Stevenson, Joseph: 27
Stobaugh, James Edward: 6
Stoner, Alexander: 42
Sumerau, J. : 9
Sumlin, Cameron: 47
Sutton, Amber: 11
Sweeney, Katherine: 9
Swindell, Marian: 44
Takeuchi, Alexander: 19
Takeuchi, May: 19
Talbert, Ryan D.: 32
Tao, Yu: 45
Tao, Yujin: 6
Tatch, Andrew James: 49
Taylor, Jessi: 23
Taylor, Linda: 44
Teague, Dr. Hollie A. : 27
Thomas, Myla: 39
Thorn, Jazia: 38
Thornton, Alma: 10 , 27
Tidwell, Michael: 2
Townsend, LaSonya: 12
Tucker, Mary-Mitchell: 40
Turner, Christopher: 47
Ulsperger, Jason Shawn: 22
Ulsperger, Kristen: 22
Veitch, Stanley Adam: 8
Vera, Nadya: 37
Viscarra, Eryn Grucza: 8
Waid, Courtney: 11
Ward, Russell E.: 5
Washington, Chasity: 39
Watts, Carrie Kaitlyn: 31
Werum, Regina: 4
Wesley, Jonathan: 12
Wiggins, Terry: 49
Yarosh, Jerrod: 3
Yildiz, Muhammed: 51
Yucel, Deniz: 19
Zannoun, Mohammad A: 51